But even if you should suffer for the sake of righteousness, you are blessed. And do not fear their intimidation, and do not be troubled, but sanctify Christ as Lord in your hearts, always being ready to make a defense to everyone who asks you to give an account for the hope that is in you yet with gentleness and reverence; and keep a good conscience so that in the thing in which you are slandered, those who revile your good behavior in Christ will be put to shame.  1 Peter 3: 14-16

Craig Keener - Apologetic Report
Thursday, 30 June 2016 18:04

Who wrote Hebrews?

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Origen was likely right that only God knows. Nevertheless, here are a few thoughts in this one-minute and 45-second video:


Authors: Craig Keener

Wednesday, 29 June 2016 22:35

Peer pressure (57-second video)

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Do you ever face peer pressure? The Bible has a lot to say about it. Here is just a little:

Authors: Craig Keener

Was it right for Jacob’s sons Simeon and Levi to massacre the Shechemites because the prince of Shechem had raped their sister? Or was their act of vengeance massive overkill? When, in my early days as a professor I taught both Old and New Testament, I asked my students what they thought. Their answers were divided, and for understandable

Friday, 24 June 2016 13:59

NIV Cultural Backgrounds Study Bible

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I edited the New Testament notes (and wrote most of the notes) and John Walton edited the Old Testament notes. Here is an interview with us just posted on Bible Gateway:

NIV Cultural Backgrounds Study Bible: An Interview with John Walton and Craig Keener

Authors: Craig Keener

Part 2: God’s protection

Jacob’s departure from (Gen 28:12) and return to (32:1) the promised land is framed by angelic revelations. The angelic camps (32:2) will prove particularly important because, having just escaped Laban, Jacob must now face Esau—who is coming with 400 men (32:7). Before Jacob can face Esau, he needs

Monday, 20 June 2016 14:55

Amputated gifts?

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49-second video

Some churches don’t want some of the gifts–isn’t that like the body of Christ amputating some members? Some churches don’t want other gifts and just collect members amputated from other churches. Don’t we all need one another to be one body?

Authors: Craig Keener

Wednesday, 15 June 2016 21:38

Live for eternity

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32-second video

It’s simple math: what’s most important is what counts forever. And what counts most with God is what He gave His Son for: people’s lives.


Authors: Craig Keener

Part 1: Strategizing

Rebekah had promised to call Jacob when his brother’s anger subsided (27:45), but he had never received such word from her. (Whether she has passed away in the meantime is not clear; some time after Jacob returns to the land, her nurse Deborah apparently is with Jacob’s family and passes away in 35:8.) Again,

Monday, 13 June 2016 14:53

Tongues as revelation passed away?

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54-second video

Some say that tongues are revelation and have passed away, but in the Bible tongues are for prayer …

Authors: Craig Keener

Jacob takes his family and flees toward Canaan without informing his father-in-law. Why does Jacob leave Laban secretly? Although Laban claims that he would have sent Jacob away with a celebration (31:27), clearly Laban has not been willing to let Jacob go. Jacob expects that Laban would send him away empty (31:42) and even forcibly take back his

Monday, 06 June 2016 14:47

Worship special to God

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54-second video

Your worship is special to God–because only YOU can give Him the worship that He created YOU to give Him.

Authors: Craig Keener

Of my interview on miracles so far, this one has probably been the most concise and coherent (I make more sense in evenings than mornings!), with a focus on ancient background, philosophy, and so forth (though fewer stories and with no power point).


It’s 35 minutes and 37 seconds:


Jacob and his father-in-law competed in a culture that valued cunning. While Laban seemed to get the better end of the deal at the beginning, Jacob came out far ahead in the end.

Jacob and his wives believe that God has given Laban’s flocks to them (Gen 31:9, 16); Laban, by contrast, protests that all Jacob’s wealth really is

Monday, 30 May 2016 14:44

Passion vs. legalism

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1.06 minute video

Legalism is the misplaced attempt to earn salvation; but we can serve God instead out of passion, because (now that He has forgiven us in Christ) His heart fills our heart with desire for Him.

Authors: Craig Keener

Wednesday, 25 May 2016 21:40

Mutual Submission—Ephesians 5:21

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Sometimes Paul gets a bad rap. The Slave Narratives are replete with sentiments from former slaves who loved Jesus but hated Paul, because slaveholders regularly quoted Ephesians 6:5: “Slaves, obey your masters.” What the slaveholders didn’t bother to quote was the context, which goes on to say, “masters, do the same things

Magic versus blessing

(Continuing the regular Tuesday Bible study series on Genesis … The home page sidebar allows you to explore any of the past studies on Genesis or other topics or biblical books.)

Jacob’s breeding techniques (30:38-42) seem strange to modern readers. Is it really true that if you mate animals in front of striped

By (and about) Craig Keener and Médine Moussounga Keener

Impossible Love (our newest book) is about God’s heart, but it’s also a true story of war, refugees, romance, adventure—and it’s the easiest of my books to read! Many who’ve read it have testified how deeply it’s touched them (e.g., J. P. Moreland,

Thursday, 19 May 2016 21:06

God’s Presence

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Christians don’t have to strive for God’s presence any more than we have to strive to be God’s children or one another’s brothers or sisters. The Spirit already lives in us if we trust in Christ (e.g., John 14:23; Romans 8:9; Galatians 4:6).

Yet some live their lives completely unconscious of God’s presence except as a

Monday, 16 May 2016 22:28

Isaac and the Philistines—Genesis 26 Featured

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Living at peace with our neighbors

As a minority in a larger society, how should we as committed believers relate to those around us? Much of the Bible addresses such situations, whether the lives of the patriarchs, Israel in exile, or the New Testament. (The remnant of God-fearing believers in times that Israel as a whole was straying from God is

Monday, 16 May 2016 14:32

What is Humility? (15-second video)

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Humility is knowing who God is and who you are …

Authors: Craig Keener

Tuesday, 10 May 2016 21:51

8-minute documentary about Médine

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I know I am posting often and different subscribers will prefer different posts (some subscribe for the Bible studies, some for the Bible study videos, and some for the cartoons). This one concerns my wife Médine’s experience as a war refugee and just some on us as a family.


Thank you, Aaron, for

Monday, 09 May 2016 21:50

Carrying on the promised line—Genesis 24

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I used to relish reading Genesis 24 in my Hebrew devotions, because it encouraged my faith that as God provided the right wife for Isaac, God would also provide the right wife for me. How God brought my wife and me together makes for an interesting story itself (a subject of our book Impossible Love), and I do indeed believe that God cares about

Monday, 09 May 2016 14:29

What is Holiness? (18-second video)

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Loving God so much that nothing else matters compared to him …

Authors: Craig Keener

Saturday, 07 May 2016 22:25

Free Bible interpretation manual

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Please note that on the “Other Languages” page Craig has a free Bible interpretation manual available in English, Spanish, French, Bulgarian, Russian, and (just added) Portuguese (thanks to a ministry in Brazil; the link is below). (Other free resources appear on the “Free Resources” page of this site, besides the

Tuesday, 03 May 2016 20:54

Jesus is the only Savior

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If we are to believe the apostolic message in the Bible:

Islam can’t save you.

Buddhism can’t save you.

Hinduism can’t save you.

And Christianity can’t save you.

Only Jesus Christ can save you.

(further discussion in Keener and Usry, Defending Black Faith, 108-35, esp. 123)

Authors: Craig Keener