But even if you should suffer for the sake of righteousness, you are blessed. And do not fear their intimidation, and do not be troubled, but sanctify Christ as Lord in your hearts, always being ready to make a defense to everyone who asks you to give an account for the hope that is in you yet with gentleness and reverence; and keep a good conscience so that in the thing in which you are slandered, those who revile your good behavior in Christ will be put to shame.  1 Peter 3: 14-16

Evangelical Textual Criticism - Apologetic Report
Friday, 22 September 2017 03:29

More Payne, no gain on the distigmai

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imageSupposed distigmai-obeli in 03

In the latest NTS, Philip Payne has published an expanded form of his 2015 ETS paper on Vaticanus and its supposed use of “distigme-obelos” symbols to mark additions in the text. Payne has also summarized his “groundbreaking discoveries” for...

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Monday, 18 September 2017 17:00

“Daniel” in Select Codices

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I have written elsewhere on the (in)significance of the codex for determining the boundaries of an ancient’s canon of Scripture. Probably, historical anachronism has occurred, and we have foisted the significance of our modern, printed Bible on to the ancient codex. So what is the value of...

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Sunday, 17 September 2017 17:00

The Problem of P38 and the ‘Western’ Text in Acts

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imageIn his published dissertation, Eldon Epp was interested in theological tendencies in Acts. In particular, he was interested in theological tendencies in the “Western” text. (From here on, I’ll forgo the quotation marks because they get tedious.) His method, however, was to study...

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Tuesday, 12 September 2017 04:46

The Press of the Text: Festschrift for James W. Voelz

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imageBack in May aFestschriftwas published in honor of James Voelz who has worked across many topics in his career including Mark’s Gospel, Greek grammar, and occasionally matters of text-critical interest. Sometimes the three came together as in his NovTessay “The Greek of Codex Vaticanus...

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imageWhile doing some reading tonight on Roman Catholic theology, I rediscovered my copy of Pope Pius XII’s 1943 encyclical Divino afflante Spiritu on the promotion of Biblical studies. There is much of interest in this document, especially in its robust defense of Scripture’s inerrancy...

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Monday, 04 September 2017 00:24

What are text-types?

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Do text-types exists or not? Tregelles and others thought not, CBGM folk don’t like the term either, but most scholars in the 20th century were perfectly fine with it.Martini (1977) surprised me with the following analysis of what text-types are:“(a) A distinctive text-type is primarily...

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imageOne of our readers, Darrell Post, has made a magnificent update of the Wikipedia articles for the Greek New Testament manuscripts divided into papyri, uncials and minuscules (three parts). These pages promise to be great resources. Papyri https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_New_Testament_papyri Unci...

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Thursday, 31 August 2017 17:00

Jechoniah’s Uncle and the Text of 2 Chron 36.10

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At the risk of flaunting my ignorance, I thought it might be worth discussing an interesting textual problem from the OT that I came across tonight. I actually stumbled on this while working on Matthew’s genealogy where Jechoniah is mentioned at the end of the second set of names and again at...

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imageEarlier today, Peter Montoro alerted me to a new cache of manuscripts just published by the Library of Congress. Since Peter is more familiar with the contents than me, I asked if he would introduce them for us.
In 1949–1950, Kenneth Clark led an expedition to Mt. Sinai and Jerusalem that...

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Sunday, 27 August 2017 16:00

ECM and CBGM for Acts Now Available

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Back in May, Pete Head noted that the ECM Acts would be out soon. It has now been released. This marks another major milestone for the team in Münster. Along with the ECM, of course, there is the CBGM and I am happy to say that the new Genealogical Queries for Acts are now online. For Acts, we...

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Friday, 25 August 2017 06:13

Biography of James Rendel Harris

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imageAlessandro Falcetta was my fellow PhD student under David Parker in Bham. His dissertation topic was a biography of James Rendel Harris and it has just come out with Bloomsbury Publishing. This promises to add important information to the history of textual criticism and manuscript studies as well...

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imageExciting news out of Birmingham (UK) today. De Gruyter has just published the long-lost fourth century commentary on the Gospels by Fortunatianus of Aquileia. Hugh Houghton explains:
The earliest Latin commentary on the Gospels, lost for more than 1,500 years, has been rediscovered and made...

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Last week, I wrote about the charge made against reasoned eclectics that they are guilty of praising the large number of NT manuscripts in their apologetic but then not actually using them in their text-critical work. For the details, see here.I had hoped the post would spark some discussion and it...

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Wednesday, 16 August 2017 22:16

Masterclass in Barcelona on the GNT

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4-6 December 2018, Dirk Jongkind will be holding a masterclass aimed at evangelical leaders and NT teachers with a good knowledge of Greek to introduce them to the Tyndale House GNT as well as deepen their knowledge of the GNT. It will be in the beautiful context of Barcelona. Pre-reading required....

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imageA slide from Wallace’s presentation...
 
My post on the topic of the comparative argument for trusting our modern texts of the New Testament produced some good discussion. But one issue that got passed over in the ensuing comments deserves more attention and that is what I want to give it here.

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In the course of my research on the hexaplaric fragments of Job, I became immersed in its catena tradition. I also became aware that most handbooks and introductions to the Septuagint that mention these MSS did not describe them well, and they usually assumed too much knowledge on the part of the...

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It is common knowledge that, at at several places in the book of Revelation, the main text of our standard Handausgabe (i.e. Nestle-Aland, 28th ed.) follows a singular reading of Codex Alexandrinus (GA 02; LDAB 3481). In principle, this is not inadmissible: a reading that is singular now...

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Thursday, 10 August 2017 17:00

ETC Interview with Paolo Trovato: Part 2

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Here is Part 2 of my interview with Paolo Trovato. Read Part 1 here.
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For someone who isn’t an editor or working on an edition of a text, what do think is the main value of your book for them?

Being able to easily detect the typos in a newspaper or a brand-new book. I am not kidding. This means...

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Wednesday, 09 August 2017 07:59

Poll: Pick your favorite book cover

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Tommy and I are finishing up our introduction to the CBGM right now. It will be jointly published by SBL and the German Bible Society and they are hoping to have it out at the SBL meeting in November. There are some details for the book over on Amazon. But you’ll notice that there’s no...

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This October, Charles Lee Irons will be speaking at Phoenix Seminary on what Paul meant by the “righteousness of God” (δικαιοσύνη θεοῦ). This was the topic of his book The Righteousness of God: A...

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Sunday, 06 August 2017 19:30

Cutting and Pasting P66 in Jn 18:34

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One of the advantages of images being available:The NT.VMR transcription of the first words of Jn 18:34 is απεκρινα̣[τ]ο ι̅ς, and the image looks like this (start at the beginning of the first line):imageThere is not much of the...

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Friday, 04 August 2017 15:00

DeVining the NT.VMR in 1947

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Writing in 1947, the Catholic scholar Charles DeVine seems to have foreseen the value of the NT.VMR. The only piece missing from his vision is the internet. No one can anticipate everything, I guess.
True, we have critical editions which cite the main codices, but “to err is and the...

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Thursday, 03 August 2017 17:30

A Different Spin on 1 Cor 14:34–5

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imageThe July issue of NTS contains an interesting text-critical offering by Aļesja Lavrinoviča: '1 Cor 14.34–5 without ‘in All the Churches of the Saints’: External Evidence'. The abstract goes like this:
The present study of the oldest and...

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Tuesday, 01 August 2017 16:00

ETC Interview with Paolo Trovato: Part 1

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It’s a pleasure for me to introduce our next interviewee in our ETC interviews series. Today I am speaking with Paolo Trovato who is a professor at the Università degli Studi di Ferrara in Italy. Prof. Trovato is best known for his work on Italian philology and particularly his...

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Monday, 31 July 2017 04:11

An Online Lexicon of Stemmatology

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imageTypically, Biblical textual critics have not paid much attention to stemmatics—the study of relational trees—for the simple reason that these methods have never worked for the Old or New Testament on any sizable scale. But that is beginning to change as computers have brought with them...

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