But even if you should suffer for the sake of righteousness, you are blessed. And do not fear their intimidation, and do not be troubled, but sanctify Christ as Lord in your hearts, always being ready to make a defense to everyone who asks you to give an account for the hope that is in you yet with gentleness and reverence; and keep a good conscience so that in the thing in which you are slandered, those who revile your good behavior in Christ will be put to shame.  1 Peter 3: 14-16

Evangelical Textual Criticism - Apologetic Report
imageRembrandt’s Return of the Prodigal
I’ve written before on some shorter (not necessarily shortest) Byzantine readings and their significance for the Byzantine priority position held by my esteemed co-blogger, MAR. (See here, here, and here.) Well, I’ve just come across another such...

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Peter Gurry has encouraged me (over several years!) to share my teaching strategies on the ETC blog, and here we finally are – my first blog article.
I am a strategist by nature. I look at a situation, decide where I would like things to end up, and then think about the steps for getting...

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Sunday, 08 September 2019 17:00

10 Tips on Academic Job Hunting

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imageLast week I had conversation with a colleague that turned to how she got her current teaching job. Shortly after that, someone emailed me about advice on applying for a teaching job in biblical studies. Since we probably have a decent number of readers who are in PhDs or thinking about one, I...

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imageIn a three-part guestpost “Is Martha an Interpolation into John’s Gospel,” Elizabeth Schrader has shared her research and in the recent week there has been a lively discussion with more than fifty comments (Peter Head’s magic threshold) added together. As the editor who...

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Friday, 06 September 2019 01:46

Origen Did Think Paul Wrote Hebrews

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imageHebrews written by Paul in GA 104
Last fall, when teaching Hebrews at the seminary, I did what one does when discussing authorship of Hebrews: I noted that tradition ascribes it to Paul, pointed out that it’s anonymous (but see here), showed why Paul isn’t the author, surveyed the...

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Thursday, 05 September 2019 04:23

Silvia Castelli Passes Her Viva on Wettstein

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A hearty congratulations to Silvia Castelli who has just defended her doctoral dissertation on the subject of J. J. Wettstein (see here). I have read a bit of it privately and what I read was excellent (and well formatted too). I do hope it gets published. For now we extend a hearty congrats to her!...

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imageWe have come to the third and concluding part of Elizabeth Schrader's guest post concerning the presence or absence of Martha and Mary in John 11:1–12:2. The previous two parts are here and here. I am glad that I did not have to delete any comments to the previous part, and I look...

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imageHere we continue with Elizabeth Schrader's guest post in three parts concerning the textual transmission of John 11:1–12:2, specifically the presence (or absence) of the two sisters, Martha and Mary in the story. The first part was posted here and provoked a lot of reactions. I will...

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Thursday, 29 August 2019 17:24

Is Martha An Interpolation into John's Gospel?

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One of the readers of our blog, and a very promising PhD student at Duke University, Elisabeth Schrader, is currently working on examining the textual transmission of John 11:1–12:2, specifically the presence (or absence) of the two sisters, Martha and Mary in the story. I have invited...

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Wednesday, 28 August 2019 18:30

Announcing the Sacred Words Conference

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On February 21-22, 2020, plan to attend the Phoenix Seminary Text & Canon Institute's inaugural history of the Bible conference: Sacred Words (learn more and register at the link).

About the Conference

Brief description from the conference website:
The Bible is the best-selling book of all...

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Tuesday, 27 August 2019 17:00

The Purpose of Catchwords

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In Medieval manuscripts it’s not uncommon to find the first word of each page written at the bottom of the previous page. These repeated words are called “catchwords” and they continue well into the age of print. My vague sense is that they stopped being used around the 18th/19th...

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Tuesday, 27 August 2019 08:20

The Textual Optimism of the UBS4

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imageThe grading system for variants in the UBS editions is probably its most distinctive feature. These ratings rank from A to D and indicate the relative level of certainty the editors felt in their decision (A being the most confident). I suspect this system has been a help to many translators over...

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Yesterday morning, I was reading a sermon by Charles Haddon Spurgeon (1834–1892) titled "Concealing the Words of God." No, the sermon is not about textual criticism, but Spurgeon made a remark that sent my mind back to the arguments surrounding Asa or Asaph in Matt. 1:7–8. Spurgeon said...

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Today, the Oxford Patristics Conference's global schedule was published online here. It is a massive schedule, but the online version is easily searchable by Title, Author, Presenter, etc.I'm looking forward to attending and participating in this conference for the first time to hear and learn...

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Wednesday, 07 August 2019 18:00

Is Textual Criticism Theologically Safe?

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imageWhy do so many Evangelicals study textual criticism? (Besides because it’s the best.) Here’s one answer that I have come across several times now:
“Lower” textual criticism, as it is called, is often regarded as a pedantic prerequisite to “higher”...

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Tuesday, 06 August 2019 17:00

More on Erasmus and Codex Montfortianus

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imageMatthew in Montfortianus (per Wikipedia)
Last week I posted about the myth that Codex Montfortianus (GA 61) was made-to-order in response to a challenge by Erasmus to include it if even a single Greek manuscript could be found that had it. However, our excellent ETC commenters noted that, while it...

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The following is a guest post from Peter Montoro who is currently a doctoral student at the University of Birmingham. It gives a sample of his important paper at the Birmingham Colloquium on the Textual Criticism of the New Testament earlier this year, which was, in turn, based on his BD...

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Wednesday, 31 July 2019 17:00

New Media Affects Old Media

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I saw the following tweet this week and it provoked my thinking about how very old media forms can be affected by far newer ones. In this case, the quotation marks and the apostrophe in this stone engraving have been affected by—of all things—the typewriter.
The Bible is the primary...

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Tuesday, 30 July 2019 18:00

Putting to Rest an Old Canard about Erasmus

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Among text critics, it’s fairly well known that no Greek manuscript was ever produced to order for Erasmus that included the long form of 1 John 5.7. But given that the story is still found in the standard textbook and that it works as such a great illustration, it continues to be perpetuated...

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A critical edition with its critical text and apparatus tells a text's narrative history. If that is true, the new Ecclesiastes of the Septuaginta series is no exception. In this post, I want to provide two examples of places where Peter Gentry's critical text differs from Rahlfs...

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Sunday, 28 July 2019 18:00

Support CSNTM

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Dan Wallace shares a very nice video explaining CSNTM’s mission. As someone who has both worked with CSNTM and benefits significantly from their work, I would encourage you to support their work.More from Dan:
As we point out in the video, our work is urgent and significant. Manuscripts are...

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News of a manuscript workshop in Tennessee next year. It looks like a good subject. And note that presenters will receive a $500 honorarium. I assume that can be spent on Chick-fil-A and sweet tea.

image15th Annual Marco Manuscript Workshop: “The Ends of Manuscripts”

January 31 and February 1,...

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In the middle of my vacation, one of our followers, Darrell Post, informs me of two new papyri, which will soon be registered in the Kurzgefasste Liste (update: likely as two new parts of P129 and P131 respectively). Both manuscripts are held by the "Stimer Family Collection" in Camarillo, USA.Appar...

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imageThanks to Jim Leonard and Stephen Carlson for alerting us to the fact that Eldon J. Epp’s personal library has a new home at Baylor University. Notably, it includes his research library and papers. That would be a fascinating collection to see once it’s cataloged.Of course, there is...

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The latest critical edition in the Gӧttingen Septuaginta Series (began in 1908) has been published: Peter J. Gentry, ed., Ecclesiastes, Septuaginta Vetus Testamentum Graecum, Vol. XI, 2 (Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 2019). Here is the description from the publishers' w...

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