But even if you should suffer for the sake of righteousness, you are blessed. And do not fear their intimidation, and do not be troubled, but sanctify Christ as Lord in your hearts, always being ready to make a defense to everyone who asks you to give an account for the hope that is in you yet with gentleness and reverence; and keep a good conscience so that in the thing in which you are slandered, those who revile your good behavior in Christ will be put to shame.  1 Peter 3: 14-16

Evangelical Textual Criticism - Apologetic Report
imageIt’s just over ten years since Bart Ehrman published his bestselling Misquoting Jesus (reviewed here) and almost ten years since Christanity Todaycalled textual criticism one of “the hottest issues in evangelical theology.” In that time, textual criticism, particularly of New...

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imageSome time ago, I posted Hort’s review of Dean Burgon’s defense of Mark 16.9-20. Along with that, and more interesting than the review, was a letter that Hort sent to Westcott about his review and the importance of its timing. Hort tells Westcott that he hopes the review is out before...

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I can’t remember where I came across Bruno Chiesa’s work, but I think readers here will at least be interested to know of its existence. The two pertinent volumes I have in mind are titled Filologia storica della Bibbia ebraica or Historical Philology of the Hebrew Bible. Volume 1...

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Thursday, 15 June 2017 23:38

Forging Antiquity Website and Blog

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imageimageHere is the new website for the Macquarie University/Heidelberg University project led by Malcolm Choat and funded by the Australian Research Council:"Forging Antiquity: Authenticity, forgery and fake papyri"And the related blog Markers of AuthenticityQuestions of authenticity, forgery, provenance...

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Wednesday, 14 June 2017 19:30

Text und Textwert for Revelation

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imageDarius Müller announced the latest (and last) volume of the Text und Textwert a few months back. As users of the ECM know, the TuT volumes are used to determine the most important witnesses cited in the ECM and these are then further reduced for citation in the NA. So for this and other...

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Tuesday, 13 June 2017 01:20

Error in NA28 apparatus (Phil 1.23)

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I should say at the outset that finding errors in NA28 is rewarding because they are so few and far between, and because you are pitting your wits against the best in the business. Finding errors in NA28  is a sport based on a fundamental level of respect in the colleagues who have over the...

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Here’s a little anecdote on how John Bunyan once responded to a Cambridge critic about his use of the English Bible:
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To these years before the Restoration belongs also the story of Bunyan’s encounter on the road near Cambridge with the university man, who asked him how he, not having the...

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Friday, 09 June 2017 06:21

Phoenix: The New Hotbed of Textual Criticism

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imageManuscripts love the heat—and so will you
 
The Gurry family has just landed in the blazing sun of Phoenix, Arizona where I will be teaching New Testament in the fall. By my count, this means that the number of Biblical text-critics in the city has just doubled—amazing! (For those who...

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"Knowledge of documents should precede final judgement upon readings." Useful though this adage by Westcott and Hort is, it is also a little bit of an open door: lots of things should precede ‘final judgement’ (and when is anything ‘final’ in our discipline?) But what are...

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Digital humanities Center at the University of Balamand has just launched “PAVONe”, Platform of the Arabic Versions of the New Testament. Here is the news piece with pictures of the launching event. The Platform contains a huge number of Arabic manuscripts of the four gospels and...

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Wednesday, 31 May 2017 04:38

Missing Witnesses in Textual Flow Diagrams

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After about 3½ years of studying the CBGM, I continue to learn new things about it. Sometimes I discover answers to question I was not even asking. This happened this week while reproducing the textual flow diagrams in my thesis. Because these diagrams connect each witness with their closest...

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Monday, 29 May 2017 19:52

Editio Critica Maior: Acts announced

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The Editio Critica Maior for Acts appears in the latest German Bible Society catalogue (HT: Greg Paulson on FB). It is due for publication in August 2017. We look forward to this and encourage and congratulate all those involved.There are two main volumes on the text itself comprising 1,180 pages...

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A textual apparatus is useful as a quick summary of the evidence at a particular location and also to raise questions as to unexpected manuscript combinations or readings. However, by its very nature, an apparatus presents the evidence in an atomistic way and runs the risk of fostering a view of an...

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Monday, 22 May 2017 21:14

Publication and Textual Criticism

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image1st-2nd cent. inkwell (credit)

M.D.C. Larsen, ‘Accidental Publication, Unfinished Texts and the Traditional Goals of New Testament Textual CriticismJSNT39 (2017), 362–387.
Abstract:  Notions of ‘authorship’, ‘publication’ and ‘final text’...

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Life Magazine (26 Dec 1955) featured an article by Alfred Eisenstaedt on Harvard Divinity School, “Harvard Revival. Back in touch with life of the churches its Divinity School gains a new vigor.” The article includes a curious photo of a group of three scholars working on analyzing...

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Wednesday, 17 May 2017 00:13

Inerrancy and Textual Criticism

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I have been reminded that some time ago I promised to open a discussion on the relationship between inerrancy and textual criticism. This is it. I’ll start with my thoughts and hope that others will contribute theirs as well as explore specific applications of the principles explored.

Prolegome...

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imageThere is a common apologetic argument that says we should be far less skeptical about the text of the NT than we are for the text of other classical works since we have far more and far earlier manuscript evidence for the NT. You can find the basic comparison all the way back in Bentley. Among...

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Lots of ink has been spilled and many pixels been lit up on the question of what we mean when we say 'the text of the New Testament'. Is the only thing we are left with 'texts of the NT', in which every imperfectly copied manuscript constitutes a new and different text? How much can the text of a...

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Just a quick post to alert you to the fact that the Library of Congress has put its collection of photographs of manuscripts from St. Catherine's Monastery online. For example, here you will find 1,081 Greek manuscripts (!). Heavenly. (HT: Alin Suciu on FB)

Authors: Peter M. Head...

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Monday, 01 May 2017 04:24

Meet P132 and P133, Ephesians and 1 Timothy

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P.Oxy. 5258 and 5259 are now P132 and P133. They contain text from Eph 3.21; 4.2, 14-16 and 1 Tim 3.13-4.8 and date to III/IV and III centuries, respectively. The editio princeps for each has been published by Geoffrey Smith and J. Shao and is online here.P133 is now the earliest copy of 1 Timothy....

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Friday, 28 April 2017 18:33

Preserving the Cairo Geniza: Video

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As part of its new exhibition on the Cairo Genizah, the Cambridge University Library has put together a nice video on the process of conserving this extensive collection of Medieval Hebraica. More info here.

Authors: Peter Gurry...

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Where do you start when preparing a Greek New Testament? Of course you can start absolutely from scratch, by typing in each and every letter and accent manually, with all the associated risks, but somehow this did not appeal very much. So we needed an existing text that we could adjust towards the...

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Wednesday, 26 April 2017 17:00

Congrats to Mike Holmes on His Retirement!

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Thanks to Juan Hernandez, news has reached the interwebs that Mike Holmes is retiring from his position at Bethel University. Mike’s work hardly needs an introduction at this blog so I will instead say how much I have appreciated the time Mike has given to me over the years. I remember him...

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Monday, 24 April 2017 17:00

ETC Interview with Thomas Hudgins

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I’m happy to present another installment of our ETC interview series. Today’s interview is with Thomas W. Hudgins who is Assistant Professor of Biblical and Theological Studies at Capital Seminary and Graduate School. I first spoke with Thomas a little over a year go when he had...

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Over at the Tyndale House website, we are now hosting a blog dedicated to the Greek New Testament we have been preparing. This blog will be devoted to that project only, but rest assured, with the exception of the first introductory post, we will cross-post everything to our beloved ETC Blog, which...

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