But even if you should suffer for the sake of righteousness, you are blessed. And do not fear their intimidation, and do not be troubled, but sanctify Christ as Lord in your hearts, always being ready to make a defense to everyone who asks you to give an account for the hope that is in you yet with gentleness and reverence; and keep a good conscience so that in the thing in which you are slandered, those who revile your good behavior in Christ will be put to shame.  1 Peter 3: 14-16

Evangelical Textual Criticism - Apologetic Report
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In a comment to the previous post on Oxyrhynchus, an anonymous person drew the attention to a fascinating film that has just been uploaded to YouTube, "Greek Papyri--The Rediscovery of the Ancient World": 
Fascinating footage of work on the Oxyrhynchus papyri, including many names familiar...

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Wednesday, 13 March 2019 03:34

New Biblical Papyri Coming from Oxyrhynchus

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For those who don’t follow the blog on Twitter or Facebook, here’s some very big news coming from the Egypt Exploration Society:
imageIn response to recent queries about results of the review initiated in 2016 to identify unpublished New Testament fragments in its collection of Oxyrhynchus...

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imageHere’s another interesting shorter reading preserved for us in the Byzantine text, this one from 1 Cor 9.20:
τοῖς ὑπὸ νόμον ὡς ὑπὸ νόμον, μὴ ὢν...

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In my last post, I introduced the book How Old Is the Hebrew Bible? Essentially, the book argues that diachronic/historical linguistics explains the changes we see in the language of the Hebrew Bible from Classical Biblical Hebrew to Late Biblical Hebrew. The authors (Hendel and Joosten)...

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Friday, 01 March 2019 18:11

New Book on Textual Criticism and Apologetics

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We have had discussions on this blog before about mistakes well-intentioned Christians often make when defending the Bible. There was a lively discussion about three years ago when The Gospel Coalition published an excerpt from Greg Gilbert’s book Why Trust the Bible? titled “Debunk...

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Thursday, 28 February 2019 16:30

New Book: How Old Is the Hebrew Bible?

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In How Old Is the Hebrew Bible? A Linguistic, Textual, and Historical Study (Yale, 2018), Ronald Hendel and Jan Joosten provide an accessible treatment of some of the complex issues regarding inquiry into the history of the Hebrew Bible. In short, they are convinced that within the Hebrew...

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imageRichard Baxter (1615–1691) is one of the most famous of the English Puritans. He was a “church leader, poet, hymnodist, theologian, and controversialist” per Wikipedia (yes, thatWikipedia). Continuing my interest in Reformation theology and textual criticism, here are a few...

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imageAt some point in college, I remember looking through J. K. Elliott’s The Greek text of the epistles to Timothy and Titus, a detailed textual commentary on those books from a thoroughgoing eclectic perspective.Recently, while putting a bibliography together I discovered that the two...

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imageWhile doing some work in Hebrews this week I learned two new things: (1) Heb 11.11 has a number of knotty problems, several of them textual and (2) Herman Hoskier has a textual commentary of sorts on Hebrews. In reading his comments on this verse, I noted this little gem of a line at the end.Here&rs...

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imageBecause it appears in a volume of essays, it might have gone unnoticed that Martin Heide has published his critical edition of Revelation in the Harklean Syriac. I haven’t had time to work through it, but I thought I should at least note it here for others. I did look it over in pre-pub form...

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Tuesday, 12 February 2019 00:01

Minuscule 372

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GA 372is a 16th century parchment manuscript in the Vatican, which looks like a printed book. Apparently it is handwritten, but if that is the case, it is hard not to imagine that it must have been copied from a printed book: the page and chapter numbers, the variety in the fonts, the woodcut type...

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Sunday, 10 February 2019 15:30

PJW Audio: Can We Know the Exact Words of God?

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imageGordon-Conwell seminary now has the audio online from Pete Williams’s recent Cooley lectures (noted here). Here are the links:
I haven’t had a chance to listen yet but hope to soon.

A...

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Thursday, 07 February 2019 21:25

Happy International Septuagint Day!

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Happy International Septuagint Day everyone! In 2006, the IOSCSdeclared February 8 to be International Septuagint Day, a day to celebrate the Septuagint and encourage its study, based on the following rational:
The date was chosen because, as Robert Kraft noted, it is "the one date we know of from...

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Thursday, 07 February 2019 16:00

Is Codex Sinaiticus a Fake? New Evidence

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Just to be clear, no. It's not a 19th-century fake.With that out of the way, I decided to take another look at a couple of things, and I noticed what some might consider to be new evidence in the question of whether or not the manuscript is a modern fake.One of the biggest 'selling points' for...

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Tuesday, 05 February 2019 18:39

Five millionth visitor

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Congratulations to us for our five millionth* visitor.
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Celebrations in various parts of the world are happening as I type.* Of course maybe we've had more, or fewer, visitors. I personally have little idea as to how this was counted.

Authors: Peter M. Head...

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A new publication in the esteemed series New Testament Tools, Studies and Documents (Brill) has been published:  The Principal Pauline Epistles: A Collation of Old Latin Evidence, edited by H.A.G. Houghton, C.M. Kreinecker, R.M. MacLachlan, and C.J. Smith. The book is a verse-by-verse...

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David Lincicum, Hildegund Müller, and Jeremiah Coogan are running a working group at Notre Dame on Jewish and Christian Books. Jeremiah tells me the group is open to all comers and that if you RSVP soon enough, you may even get free lunch! What’s not to love? (Except the polar...

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Wednesday, 30 January 2019 06:06

The Source of Scott Carroll’s Mummy Masks?

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Brent Nongbri has been writing some very good posts lately on his blog about Scott Carroll and the papyri he has been showing at various events. But today, Brent has followed that with an even more startling post exploring where Scott Carroll got all those infamous mummy masks from.Reade...

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Tuesday, 29 January 2019 23:19

The ‘Anonymity’ of Hebrews in Minuscule 104

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The NA27 has a helpful feature that was sadly removed from the NA28 and that is a selection of subscriptions to the NT books. These often contain information about authorship and even the location of writing. In preparing to teach Hebrews, I noticed this particular subscriptiocited for minuscule...

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Sunday, 27 January 2019 15:00

New Text Canon Institute at Phoenix Seminary

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By now, some of our ETC readers may have heard about a new venture that John Meade and I are co-directing at Phoenix Seminary called the Text & Canon Institute.
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A number of confessional institutions in the U.S. have professors doing research on the Old or New Testament text, or work on the...

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Wednesday, 23 January 2019 15:00

Coherence at 1 John 4.19

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To follow up from yesterday’s post, here is the textual flow diagram and local stemma for 1 John 4.19/5 in INTF’s CBGM. Reading a = omit; b = αυτον; c = τον θεον; d = τον...

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Tuesday, 22 January 2019 08:22

The All-or-Nothing Problem with Byzantine Priority

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imageThe most noteworthy feature of the Byzantine priority position to me is not that it seriously values the Byzantine text (I think that’s generally good); it’s that it alwaysprefers a Byzantine text. It’s that “always” that I’ve never been able to fully...

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Thursday, 17 January 2019 23:15

Septuagint Summer Course at Trinity Western

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Please see the flyer below announcing the Septuagint Summer School course, June 24–28, 2019, 8:30 am – 12:30 pm (Pacific Daylight Time), to be taught by Dr. John Screnock, Research Fellow in Hebrew Bible, University of Oxford.
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Authors: Peter Gurry...

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Thursday, 17 January 2019 04:23

Leander Keck on Textual Criticism and Inerrancy

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imageI once had the pleasure of meeting Leander Keck in Cambridge where he used to attend the NT seminars when he was in town. Since then I have tried, from time to time, to read some of his work.Here is a bit from one of his very early books on his theological approach to the Bible called Taking the...

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I am excited to announce that Will Kynes will be giving a lecture in the Chapel at Phoenix Seminary on his latest OUP monograph: An Obituary for “Wisdom Literature”: The Birth, Death, and Intertextual Reintegration of a Biblical Corpus. Students and the general public in and...

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