But even if you should suffer for the sake of righteousness, you are blessed. And do not fear their intimidation, and do not be troubled, but sanctify Christ as Lord in your hearts, always being ready to make a defense to everyone who asks you to give an account for the hope that is in you yet with gentleness and reverence; and keep a good conscience so that in the thing in which you are slandered, those who revile your good behavior in Christ will be put to shame.  1 Peter 3: 14-16

Zondervan Academic Koinonia Blog - Apologetic Report

When we reflect on the meaning of salvation—and on our piety, mission, and life together—our thought necessarily engages the doctrine of justification. But what does justification mean? In many ways, this question has always sat at the heart of the Christian faith. However, at various...

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Monday, 10 December 2018 21:00

Who Was Isaiah?

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Isaiah was a Jewish prophet who lived during the eighth century BC. The Book of Isaiah claims to be written by him, and scholars believe he at least wrote partof it.

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(Note: you can watch this blog post on YouTube.) In first year Greek we historically do just one wooden, word for word translation. This way the teacher knows that the student knows the tense of the verb or case of the noun. The problem is that the students leave first year class thinking that word...

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Wednesday, 05 December 2018 21:00

Who Wrote the Book of Isaiah?

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Scholars generally accept that the Book of Isaiah was at least partially written by the prophet Isaiah, during the eighth century BC. However, there’s also evidence that other authors made additions.

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When we reflect on the meaning of salvationand on our piety, mission, and life togetherour thought necessarily engages the doctrine of justification. Michael Horton aims to help scholars, students, pastors, and interested Christians alike (re)engage this vital doctrine in his new two-v...

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Monday, 03 December 2018 21:00

Comfort, Comfort My People: The Meaning of Isaiah 40:1

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After 39 chapters of narrative, the Book of Isaiah makes a dramatic shift: it becomes a book of poetry. But it makes another, perhaps more radical change: it skips ahead about 150 years into the future.

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It is often said that translators are traitors. They are traitors because they either over- or under-translate the meaning of the original text. Either they say too much in an attempt to convey the full meaning of the Greek, or they say too little and leave some of the meaning untranslated.

A...

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Thursday, 29 November 2018 03:18

Why Do We Learn? — Mondays with Mounce 334

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One of the advantages of formal equivalent translations is that they tend to maintain the distinction between dependent and independent constructions. Often the key to understanding an author’s flow of thought is the difference between an indicative or imperative and a participle. And yet...

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imageWhat do Charles Spurgeon and Charles Finney, D. L. Moody and D. Martyn Lloyd-Jones, Billy Graham and Martin Luther King Jr. all have in common?

They embody the rich legacy of preaching through the ages, inspired by the central ministry component of Jesus Christ, whose very...

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Translation without interpretation is impossible. There may be verses where there is no question as to what the author meant, but there are thousands of verses where interpretive decisions must be made.

Paul tells the Colossians, “Do not lie to one another, seeing that you have put off...

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I am thinking quite a bit these days about sequencing, and how different biblical Greek is from English, which then raises interesting problems for the translator. I am also wondering more about how students should be translating in their first year of Greek.

Look at the series of participles in the...

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Wednesday, 21 November 2018 05:54

David and Goliath: 6 Lessons (1 Samuel 17 Commentary)

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image“The book of Samuel is one of the great literary works in human history,” writes Paul Evans in 1-2 Samuel (Story of God Bible Commentary). “Its masterfully told stories have captured the imagination of readers for millennia” (19). Chief among them is the story of David...

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Tuesday, 20 November 2018 07:31

How Does Genesis 1–11 Speak Truly? Six Insights

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imageWhat does it mean to say Genesis 1-11 speaks truly? Is Genesis a historically accurate, scientific narrative? What does it mean to be a good reader of Genesis 1-11?

Reading Genesis Well answers these questions and more. In this book Old Testament scholar C. John Collins  develops a rigorous...

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imageOne of the more controversial issues of our day—both in the US and abroad, both political and moral—is how a nation should shape and enforce its immigration laws. The issue carries with it several questions that require nuance and consideration—particularly for...

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imageWhat do Augustine and Francis of Assisi, Martin Luther and Matthew Henry, John Bunyan and Johnathan Edwards all have in common?

They embody the rich legacy of preaching through the ages, inspired by the central ministry component of Jesus Christ himself whose very purpose and mission on earth was to...

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Monday, 12 November 2018 21:00

What Is Hypostatic Union?

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Hypostatic union is how Christians explain the relationship between Jesus’ divine nature, his human nature, and his being. It means that Jesus is both fully God and fully man. Jesus has all of the characteristics that are true of a person, and all of the characteristics that are true of a...

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I am reading a paper this week at the national meeting of the Evangelical Theological Society. It is entitled, “Do formal equivalent translations reflect a higher view of plenary, verbal inspiration?” Because of my research, I am particularly sensitive to the claims of formal and...

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image“Why be moral?”Perhaps it’s to fulfill some sort of social contract forged between human beings in order to transcend the state of nature? Maybe to align our lives with an internal biological impulse hardwired in us from birth? Or, to align our lives with an external code handed...

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image“What does it mean to be human?” Throughout our history people have offered many, sharply different answers.

But what does the Bible say about what it means to be human? What can the Bible and Christian doctrine show us about humanity’s importance in context of God’s full...

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Wednesday, 31 October 2018 23:00

What is Docetism?

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Docetism is an ancient heresy that says Jesus was not fully human. According to Docetism, he seemedto be human, but because Jesus was fully divine, he had no physical body. The form people saw was essentially a ghost.

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Wednesday, 31 October 2018 22:59

What happened at the Council of Chalcedon?

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The Council of Chalcedon was the fourth ecumenical council. In 451 AD, leaders from all of Christendom gathered to define the incarnation of Christ once and for all.

Within the lifetime of the apostles, some Christians were already having a hard time reconciling Jesus’ divinity with his...

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Monday, 29 October 2018 22:00

John Calvin: The Accidental Reformer

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John Calvin was a sixteenth century French theologian, best known for his prominent role in the Reformation and his influential theology. More than four and a half centuries after his death, Calvin’s teachings continue to shape Christian beliefs, particularly regarding predestination and...

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Thursday, 18 October 2018 00:59

Counseling Techniques for Adolescents

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imageThe adolescent years are often difficult ones for parents, teachers, and youth leaders to navigate. “Knowing how to meet the therapeutic needs of adolescent clients and help families navigate this unique season of life can be a challenge for helping professionals,” says Andi J. Thacker...

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Wednesday, 17 October 2018 23:01

5 Tips for Reading Apocalyptic Literature in the Bible

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Apocalyptic literature is a challenging genre. In the Bible, we find this genre in the Book of Revelation and in the second half of Daniel.

There’s also a lot of apocalyptic literature outside the Bible. It was a very popular genre during the Second Temple period (from 530 BC to 70 AD), and...

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imageWhen your world turns dark and your journey turns rugged, where do you turn for help? What is your source for the confidence you need to face the headwinds of life?

Psalm 121 encourages us in such times. It reminds us where our help comes from and infuses us with confidence: “My help comes...

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