But even if you should suffer for the sake of righteousness, you are blessed. And do not fear their intimidation, and do not be troubled, but sanctify Christ as Lord in your hearts, always being ready to make a defense to everyone who asks you to give an account for the hope that is in you yet with gentleness and reverence; and keep a good conscience so that in the thing in which you are slandered, those who revile your good behavior in Christ will be put to shame.  1 Peter 3: 14-16

Larry Hurtado - Apologetic Report
Monday, 12 November 2018 23:11

Notable Markan Variants in Codex W

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In earlier postings I’ve noted that major variants continue to appear, and in some cases “succeed” in gaining widespread acceptance in the subsequent manuscript tradition as late as the fifth century and thereafter.  There are also examples of interesting variants that first...

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Monday, 12 November 2018 03:38

“God’s Library” (by Brent Nongbri): A Review

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In an essay published nearly two decades ago, I drew attention to several features of early Christian manuscripts, identifying these features as likely our earliest expressions of an emergent Christian visual and material culture.[1]  A few years later, in a contribution to the Society of...

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Wednesday, 07 November 2018 23:09

Nongbri on John 21 in P66

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Brent Nongbri has recently blogged about his newly-published article in which he explores the possibility that P.Bodmer 2 (P66) may give us a hint of an earlier copy of the Gospel of John without chapter 21.  See here.  The full article appears in the latest issue of the journal Early...

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In earlier postings, I’ve questioned the paradigm/model of an early “wild” period of textual transmission of the Gospels and a subsequent/later period of textual stability (here, here, and here). The model may seem intuitively credible, but the manuscript evidence...

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In a number of blog postings and publications I’ve referred to “copyists” and distinguished their work (copying a text by hand) from “readers/users” of texts (individuals who invested time in studying a text, and who might well make changes to it, believing that...

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Wednesday, 31 October 2018 20:17

Literacies in the Roman World

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A few decades ago, it became fashionable in some scholarly circles, including NT/Christian Origins, to hold the view that in the Roman period there was an extremely low level of literacy, and that only elite levels of society had that skill.  One still sees this view touted today (typically by...

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Wednesday, 31 October 2018 01:52

Carbon-14 Dating: A Reminder

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Some commenters have asked if early papyri of NT writings have been submitted to carbon-14 dating.  I am moved to remind readers of an earlier blog-posting about a set of tests run on papyri here.  Essentially, these tests, run in three different laboratories, all roughly reached similar...

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Sunday, 28 October 2018 22:17

The Early Text of the New Testament

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In some comments on a previous posting, the question of how the writings that came to form the NT were transmitted in the earliest centuries has arisen.   This prompted me to point again to what is probably the best single-volume treatment of the question:  Charles E. Hill and...

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On Monday of this week (22nd) the esteemed scholar of ancient Judaism in the Roman world, Professor Martin Goodman, delivered the 2018 Kennedy-Wright Lecture, sponsored by our Centre for the Study of Christian Origins: “The Jewish Paul and the History of Judaism.”

Goodman first noted...

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Thursday, 25 October 2018 19:37

Personal Update

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I have been reluctant to use this space for personal matters, but because so many readers sent kind words of encouragement during my chemo therapy and hospital confinement, I feel obliged to give some update.  I underwent a two-stage chemo treatment for a type of leukemia (AML) that ran most...

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Tuesday, 23 October 2018 20:52

New Article in Welt und Umwelt der Bibel

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I’ve just received an advance copy of my invited article on how the NT writings originated and circulated in the earliest centuries, translated and published in Welt und Umwelt der Bibel 2018 (pp. 32-38):  “Wie entstehen und wie verbreiten sich die neutestamentlichen...

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Monday, 15 October 2018 19:18

Lautenschlaeger Award for 2020

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The Manfred Lautenschlaeger Award for Theological Promise is a unique recognition of outstanding younger scholars on the basis of their first book or doctoral dissertation.  The subject area “God and Spirituality (broadly defined)” is intended to cover practically any topic or...

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Monday, 15 October 2018 01:33

Second/Third-Century Christian Texts: Update

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I’ve just got around to placing an updated list of Christian texts dated to the second/third century, including now the relevant items in the recently published Oxyrhynchus Papyri volume (vol. 83).  That is, P137 (the Mark fragment), and P138 (the Luke fragment).

As before, this list is...

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Having praised the recent volume,  The Routledge Handbook of Early Christian Art, in my blog post yesterday, I have to express some surprise at, and dissent from, the statement that opens an otherwise helpful introduction to catacomb art by Norbert Zimmermann (pp. 21-38).  He refers...

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Thursday, 11 October 2018 19:06

New Article on the Codex in BAR

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At the invitation of Biblical Archaeology Review, I wrote a modest-size article summarizing data and arguments over the early Christian preference for the codex bookform.  The article, “Early Christian Dilemma:  Codex or Scroll,” is now published.  The table of...

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Wednesday, 10 October 2018 21:04

New Handbook of Early Christian Art

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Students of early Christian art (and Roman-era art generally), as well as textual scholars and historians of early Christianity now have a valuable resource to survey the emergence and development of early Christian visual culture:  The Routledge Handbook of Early Christian Art, eds....

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Friday, 05 October 2018 01:07

Latest Volume of Oxyrhynchus Papyri

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The latest volume in the Oxyrhynchus Papyri series includes several manuscripts of biblical texts, including the much referenced fragment of the Gospel of Mark:  The Oxyrhynchus Papyri, Volume LXXXIII, ed. P. J. Parsons and N. Gonis (London:  Egypt Exploration Society, 2018).

I’ve...

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Monday, 01 October 2018 20:44

A Personal Update

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In light of the many expressions of encouragement and good wishes from readers of this site in response to my illness, I feel it appropriate to give a brief update.  I was released from hospital and the second round of chemo therapy on 21 September.  I’m still trying slowly to catch...

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I’m one of the editors of a series published by Baylor University Press:  Library of Early Christology.  The series largely consists of reprints of important publications of the distant or recent past.  See the publisher’s online list of volumes in the series here.

The...

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While I’m temporarily at home, I can’t resist drawing attention to a splendid new book by Matthew Gordley, New Testament Christological Hymns:  Exploring Texts, Contexts, and Significance (IVP Academic, 2018).

He  carefully discusses all the passages in the NT often...

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The brochure for the 2019 Vacation Term for Biblical Study is just out, and there is an impressive lineup of lecturers.  The VTBS is a unique opportunity to have lectures from top-notch scholars in biblical studies (and related subjects), and a lovely setting in Cambridge (UK).  I give...

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Thursday, 28 June 2018 04:36

Going Offline . . . for a While

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Starting intensive chemo therapy Mon, which will take 4-6 weeks.  So I won’t have much to blog about for that foreseeaable future.  Everyone enjoy the summer (at least those of you in the northern hemisphere!).

Authors: larryhurtado...

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Tuesday, 26 June 2018 00:23

Calling All Interested in Papyri

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I’ve been asked to circulate the following invitation from Prof. William Johnson to any/all seriously interested in the study of ancient papyri:

If you have papyrological interests, I want to point out to you the great deal offered by the American Society of Papyrologists. An individual...

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Sunday, 24 June 2018 18:23

Honoring the Son: New Book Out Now

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A two-week holiday break (in Canada) and subsequent illness has meant stillness on this blog site (but maybe that’s not all bad!).  More medical tests today, but a short note on my latest book:  Honoring the Son:  Jesus in Earliest Christian Devotional Practice (Lexham...

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There is now a further news release from the Egypt Exploration Society about the recently published fragment of the Gospel of Mark.  It responds to some of the rumors circulating, and corrects certain of them.  See here, the second item on the page.

Authors: larryhurtado...

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