But even if you should suffer for the sake of righteousness, you are blessed. And do not fear their intimidation, and do not be troubled, but sanctify Christ as Lord in your hearts, always being ready to make a defense to everyone who asks you to give an account for the hope that is in you yet with gentleness and reverence; and keep a good conscience so that in the thing in which you are slandered, those who revile your good behavior in Christ will be put to shame.  1 Peter 3: 14-16

Larry Hurtado - Apologetic Report
Sunday, 07 July 2019 19:02

Health Issues and Blogging

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The leukemia (AML) for which I was treated here last summer has reactivated, after some 9 months of remission.  The further treatment options are quite limited, and may only be palliative care of various sorts.  In any case, I am now fully occupied with exploring various arrangements for...

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Thursday, 04 July 2019 00:51

Keener’s Commentary on Galatians

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Craig Keener’s massive commentary on Paul’s epistle to the Galatians has recently appeared:  Galatians:  A Commentary(Baker Academic, 2019).  At xlvii + 848 pages, it is likely the largest commentary on this epistle.  But Keener is noted for his commentaries and...

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In addition to the fragment of an early copy of the Gospel of Mark, the same volume of Oxyrhynchus Papyri includes a number of other texts that provide data worth noting.

The other identifiably Christian texts include a leaf of a LXX codex of the Psalms (P.Oxy. 5344, Ralfs 2228), dated by the...

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Recent days have witnessed a dramatic turn of events in connection with the newly-published fragment of the Gospel of Mark (P. Oxy. 5345, now with the N-A number of P137).  One individual involved in the early days when the fragment was first mooted has written his account of things in an...

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Friday, 28 June 2019 19:40

“Honoring the Son”: An Entree Work

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As I’m often asked for a short introduction to the line that I take in discussing earliest Jesus-devotion (some finding the 600+ pp. Lord Jesus Christ a bit too much to take in), I think that now I would recommend my little volume that appeared last year:  Honoring...

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Thursday, 27 June 2019 20:04

Irenaeus of Lyons: A KeyFigure

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Today (28 June) in the church year marks the martyrdom of Irenaeus of Lyons (ca. 130-200? CE).  Likely born in Smyrna (in the Greek-speaking eastern area of the Roman Empire), at some point he moved to Roman Gaul, to Lugdunum (Lyons).  He became prominent in the church there, and after...

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Tuesday, 25 June 2019 21:12

Staudt on”Monotheistic” Expressions

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In reading a colleague’s draft essay I was reminded of a book that I found particularly helpful, but has received a disappointing level of notice, even, it appears, in scholarly circles.  I reviewed the book several years ago in the German journal, Theologische Literaturzeitung, but...

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In an earlier posting I pointed to my review of Paula Fredriksen’s recent book, When Christians Were Jews(here), the review appeared in the online journal, Marginaliahere.

I point now to another essay-length review of the Fredriksen book (with some attention also to her studies of...

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Readers of this and other blog sites with interest in NT textual criticism will have heard of a supposedly first-century fragment of the Gospel of Mark.  Yesterday, a new report came out from a senior figure connected with the Museum of the Bible (Dr. Michael Holmes), giving remarkable, even...

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Tuesday, 18 June 2019 23:52

The Jewish Jesus of the NT Gospels

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Among the comments responding to my posting about the depiction of the infant Jesus in Christian art, a couple of them prompt me to respond in another post.

One comment points to the way that visual representations of Jesus in art (and the movies too) in the West often give a blue-eyed,...

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Tuesday, 18 June 2019 20:11

The Infant Jesus in Art: Is He Jewish?

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My wife is an art historian (specializing in 19th century British sculpture), so I’ve come to look more closely at art, and one of the things I’ve noticed in the many paintings of the infant/child Jesus is that he’s usually depicted as uncircumcised.

One is able to consider such a...

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Thursday, 13 June 2019 23:42

“Scribal” Changes?Or Readers’ Changes?

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Reviewing Pardee’s otherwise excellent new book about “scribal harmonizations” in the Synoptic Gospels (here) led me again to think about the terms that we use in studying variant readings in texts.  In particular, Pardee, along with many other NT textual critics (including...

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Wednesday, 12 June 2019 01:33

“Scribal Harmonization”: A New Study

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I commend a newly-published study of what is called “harmonization” of texts of the Gospels:  Cambry G. Pardee, Scribal Harmonization in the Synoptic Gospels, NTTSD, 60 (Leiden: Brill, 2019).  I have just completed a larger review for Review of Biblical Literature which...

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Thursday, 06 June 2019 18:40

New Book on Eusebius’ Canon Tables

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Matthew Crawford informs me that his book on the Eusebian canon tables and their significance has just appeared:  The Eusebian Canon Tables:  Ordering Textual Knowledge in Late Antiquity (Oxford University Press, 2019), the publisher’s description here.

Eusebius (d. ca. 340 AD)...

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In a number of publications over the last several years, scholars have drawn attention to the ground-breaking work of several early scholars who date from the late second through the early fourth centuries AD.  In particular, the massive and innovative projects of Origen (ca. 184-253 AD) are...

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David Allen’s recent study of the appropriation and influence of OT texts on NT references to Jesus’ death is very much worth noting:  According to the Scriptures:  The Death of Christ in the Old Testament and the New (SCM Press, 2018).  I’ve just finished a...

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Friday, 31 May 2019 00:17

Heilig's Paul Empire Book in "Open Access"

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In an earlier posting I mentioned Christoph Heilig’s book assessing claims about Paul’s stance vis-a-vis the Roman imperial regime (here).  He has just notified me that the book is now available “open access”, i.e., free to read.  See his note about the matter here....

 

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I note with appreciation James McGrath’s newly-published review of my collection of essays, Ancient Jewish Monotheism and Early ChristianJesus-Devotion (Baylor University Press, 2018), in Review of Biblical Literature here.

As I’ve sometimes complained about reviews of my books that...

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Another of the stimulating essays given in the recent colloquium in Edinburgh is by Jörg Frey, “Between Jewish Monotheism and Proto-Trinitarian Relations:  The Making and Character of Johannine Christology.”  I can’t do justice to this rich and thought-packed...

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A multi-author volume on “digital humanities” and ancient manuscripts has appeared:  David Hamidović, Claire Clivaz and Sarah Bowen Savant, ed., Ancient Manuscripts in Digital Culture: Visualisation, Data Mining, Communication, DBS 3 (Leiden: Brill,...

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Friday, 17 May 2019 19:39

New Resource of Johannine Studies

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Serving as an assessor of a book-proposal for Oxford University Press brought me the rewards of several recent volumes, one of them:  The Oxford Handbook of Johannine Studies, eds. Judith M. Lieu and Martinus C. De Boer (OUP, 2018).  The publisher’s online catalog entry here.

The...

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Sunday, 12 May 2019 21:23

Text-Collections and an Emergent NT Canon

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A recent survey of the contents of Christian manuscripts from the first three centuries focuses on identifying which texts were combined in the same manuscript:  Michael Dormandy, “How the Books Became the Bible:  The Evidence for Canon Formation From Work-Combination in...

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Friday, 10 May 2019 18:43

“Quests for Freedom”: Second Edition

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The second edition of the multi-author volume, Quests for Freedom(edited by Michael Welker), has been published (Cascade Books, 2018; publisher’s online catalog entry here).  I posted about the book when it first appeared (here).  It’s a wide collection of...

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My recent postings about Paul’s use of “YHWH texts” have elicited several queries about the data.  There are five “pre-Christian” biblical manuscripts in Greek that are relevant:

4QpapLXXLevb (4Q120), Leviticus, lst cent BCE, uses ιαω (iao) for...

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Monday, 06 May 2019 23:21

“YHWH Texts” and Jesus: A Follow-up

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Further to my posting yesterday about David Capes’s paper on “YHWH Texts” applied to Jesus in Paul’s letters, a couple of comments of my own.

First, it is worth noting that, to judge from ancient manuscripts of the early Roman period, the treatment of the name of God, the...

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