But even if you should suffer for the sake of righteousness, you are blessed. And do not fear their intimidation, and do not be troubled, but sanctify Christ as Lord in your hearts, always being ready to make a defense to everyone who asks you to give an account for the hope that is in you yet with gentleness and reverence; and keep a good conscience so that in the thing in which you are slandered, those who revile your good behavior in Christ will be put to shame.  1 Peter 3: 14-16

Reformation500 - Apologetic Report
Friday, 17 November 2017 07:13

On Abandoning Moral Principles for Political Power

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For almost two years, evangelicals and non-evangelicals have accused other evangelicals of “abandoning moral principles for political power.” This was a popular line throughout 2016, especially after Trump was nominated for and then elected President. This accusation has intensified...

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Monday, 13 November 2017 11:06

The Condemnation of Roy Moore and the Chorus of Condemnation

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imageAs Steve Hays as recently said, Roy Moore is now “doomed.” The latest accusation might be the tipping point. It is hard to imagine that he will survive this one. But as someone who analyzes the way public rhetoric functions and persuades, I find some important socio-rhetorical...

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Wednesday, 01 November 2017 01:54

The Power and Privilege in Evangelical  Identity Politics 

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Since the election of Donald Trump, an internal debate has arising in the liberal ranks over identity politics. Many liberals blame the exclusionary nature of identity politics for Hillary’s loss. The identities of identity politics all have a common enemy: the white...

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Friday, 18 August 2017 01:37

Why Evangelicals are Drawn to the Alt-Right

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I.  With the denunciations of the Charlottesville “Unite the Right” protest beginning to subside and our attention turning to reflect on how we got here, I’d like to offer some thoughts on why some Christians, particularly evangelicals, are drawn to the alt-right, white nationalism,...

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Tuesday, 15 August 2017 06:20

The Fallacy of the Hidden Major Premise

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The Fallacy of the Hidden Major Premise

This fallacy is the presentation of a minor premise and conclusion without stating the inconvenient major premise involved. It’s a type of enthymeme, though highly problematic. Here is a popular example.

Minor premise: In the New Jerusalem there will be...

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Saturday, 22 July 2017 04:19

Why Evangelical SJWs Draft Everyone to War

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Classical two-kingdom theology distinguishes the merit of each kingdom. Civil merit is, to put it simply, the ability to lead a civil community to its natural end. The order of this civil realm then is a hierarchy of sorts based on the order of civil merit, at least in theory. The order of the...

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Thursday, 20 July 2017 05:02

The Civil Defense of Christianity

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A. (1) Civil government ought to recognize, protect, and privilege true religion. (2) The Christian religion is the true religion. (3) Civil government ought to recognize, protect, and privilege the Christian religion.

Though supported by classical pagan authors (Plato, Aristotle, Cicero, etc.), the...

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Thursday, 13 July 2017 01:28

Fearing Heaven

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The Christian’s duty is to direct his attention to heavenly things, to those promises he will see realized in the life to come. Indeed, he should want his thoughts to be on heavenly life, for it is a life of worship, joy, and bliss. Yet, however odd it might seem, there are Christians who...

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Friday, 07 July 2017 05:34

Against Reformed Catholicism

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Last month, Mark Jones, a Presbyterian theologian and pastor, published an article at The Calvinist International entitled “Against Calvinism.” The click-baity title leads to an argument against the usefulness of the label “Calvinism.” He rightly points out the oddity of the...

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Tuesday, 04 July 2017 02:43

“Gospel Duties” and the Natural Order

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Evangelicals often use the word “gospel” as an adjective when talking about engaging the culture: “gospel justice,” “gospel prudence,” “gospel love,” etc. Though these terms are vague, they seem to indicate some significant role of the Gospel in...

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Franciscus Junius

If any theologian labors concerning the matters relating to the ordering of society, he wastes himself and does the most serious injury to the God who calls him, to the church for whose sake he has been called, and to her calling, by being a busybody and meddling in others’...

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(I)        The Gospel contains unique precepts concerning immigration and racial                                   reconciliation for the civil (not ecclesial) community.

(A) &...

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Thursday, 12 January 2017 19:40

Christianity in the Late Middle Ages

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A Castle of the Late Middle Ages

I’m continuing to work from Alister McGrath’s Reformation Thought: An Introduction”, providing background for anyone interested in understanding the Reformers and the causes for the Reformation.

The backdrop to the Reformation is the late medieval...

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Wednesday, 04 January 2017 22:42

Irenaeus was NOT a historian

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Roman Catholic apologists frequently will trot out a passage from Irenaeus’s “Against Heresies” to prove that there was a “papal succession”. That passage has many difficulties, and I’ve pointed them out here.

Authors: John Bugay...

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Sunday, 11 December 2016 17:02

The Reformers were the “Adults” of the Era

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Rome was, and by extension, Roman Catholicism was an absolute cesspool at the time of the Reformation. Elsewhere, I’ve cited Heiko Oberman discussing some of the root causes:

there is much to warrant the thesis that the later Middle Ages were born in Avignon and were shaped by the uncertainty...

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The Bible in German: Translated by Martin Luther

A lot of things contributed to the spread of the Gospel at the time of the Reformation. Pervasive knowledge of the corruption of “the Church”. The printing press. The willingness (and newfound ability) of the Reformers to reach back ad...

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Tuesday, 22 November 2016 17:26

Book Printing as Impetus for Reformation

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The Gutenberg Bible

For 1500 years, Christian texts were painstakingly copied by hand. “For, even within the letters of Paul, we witness a remarkably well-structured network for the copying and dissemination of early Christian writings. Paul sent his letters through friends or associates to be...

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Sunday, 13 November 2016 17:22

“The Catholic Reformation”

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Erasmus was “the bastard son of a priest”, illustrating a major problem at the time of the Reformation.

Desiderius Erasmus, who first compiled the Greek New Testament in 1516, was probably one of THE most influential figures leading to the Reformation, in several ways. The circumstance...

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