But even if you should suffer for the sake of righteousness, you are blessed. And do not fear their intimidation, and do not be troubled, but sanctify Christ as Lord in your hearts, always being ready to make a defense to everyone who asks you to give an account for the hope that is in you yet with gentleness and reverence; and keep a good conscience so that in the thing in which you are slandered, those who revile your good behavior in Christ will be put to shame.  1 Peter 3: 14-16

The Text of the Gospels - Apologetic Report
Tuesday, 16 January 2018 01:12

Elijah Hixson and the Purple Uncials

Written by
 imageElijah Hixson          Today at The Text of the Gospels we welcome a special guest, Elijah Hixson.  He currently is a doctoral student at the University of Edinburgh; before that, he studied at the Southern Baptist Theological Seminary, completing a thesis on the...

Read more

Friday, 05 January 2018 01:44

Lectionary 5 in Matthew 24:20-26

Written by
            Today, let’s look at the text on one page of a medieval lectionary and see how well it compares to the same passage in Codex Vaticanus (the flagship manuscript of the Alexandrian text of the Gospels) and Codex Bezae (the flagship manuscript of the...

Read more

Tuesday, 02 January 2018 06:19

The Cappadocian Text

Written by
imageLectionary 181, written in uncial script.
 
Lectionary 181, in the British Library, catalogued as Add. MS 39602, is one of the few Greek manuscripts of the Gospels that features a colophon, or note from the copyist, mentioning when it was made:  6,488...

Read more

Friday, 22 December 2017 07:25

The Text of Phoebadius

Written by
            Today’s subject requires some historical background.
            Following the Council of Nicea in 325, Arius – who promoted the view that there was a time when the Word did not exist, and...

Read more

            Dan Wallace’s research on John 7:53-8:11 is unreliable.  Let’s take a few minutes today to see where this professor at Dallas Theological Seminary has gotten things wrong about John 7:53-8:11 in his Credo Course on New Testament textual...

Read more

Thursday, 30 November 2017 11:00

Meet Lectionary 261

Written by
          In 1753, a French ambassador whose last name was Desalleurs – and who had been stationed at Constantinople – presented a gift to King Louis XV:  a Greek Gospels-lectionary, now known as Lectionary 261.  (At the National Library of...

Read more

Saturday, 25 November 2017 10:26

Evidence That Demands a Rewrite

Written by
image
            Evidence That Demands a Verdict, by Josh McDowell, has been a major handbook for Christian apologetics ever since its initial release in 1972.  It was recently updated and expanded, with new material that encourages believers to ensure that their...

Read more

Friday, 10 November 2017 13:41

If In Doubt, Sort It Out

Written by
 imageCurious incidentsin the Byzantine Text.          “If in doubt, don’t throw it out.”  That is the way in which Dan Wallace has asserted that Byzantine copyists handled the text of the New Testament when they had two exemplars that said two...

Read more

Tuesday, 07 November 2017 15:06

The Tyndale House Greek New Testament

Written by
image
             The newly published Tyndale House edition of the Greek New Testament (THEGNT) is a primarily Alexandrian text, with some cautious deviations from the Nestle-Aland compilation, and with improved spelling.  Before describing its text in more...

Read more

Saturday, 04 November 2017 10:23

Matthew 12:47 and Homoioteleuton

Written by

imageMatthew 12:45b-50 in theESV Reader's Gospels.Where's verse 47?

In the English Standard Version, in the passage about the visit of Jesus’ mother and brothers in Matthew 12:46-50, there is a strange feature:  there is no verse 47; it is in the...

Read more

Friday, 03 November 2017 05:56

Mark 2:16 and Homoioteleuton

Written by
            At the end of Mark 2:16, there is a textual contest:  do the scribes and Pharisees ask why Jesus eats with tax collectors and sinners, or do they ask why Jesus eats and drinks with tax collectors and sinners?
       &nb...

Read more

        Today, let’s take a look at the text of John 4:17.  This verse is not exactly at the epicenter of text-critical debates, but the evidence pertaining to it is nevertheless interesting.  In all English versions, in a discussion...

Read more

Friday, 27 October 2017 14:48

Equitable Eclecticism - Part 2

Written by

(Continuing the presentation of a slightly updated version of my 2010 essay Equitable Eclecticism:  The Future of New Testament Textual Criticism)

Competing Analytical Approaches

In the Byzantine Priority view, Greek manuscripts which display the Byzantine Text are considered superior witnesses...

Read more

Thursday, 26 October 2017 13:56

Equitable Eclecticism - Part 1

Written by
            In 2010, I wrote an essay called Equitable Eclecticism:  The Future of New Testament Textual Criticism, and included it in the Kindle e-book Assorted Essays on New Testament Textual Criticism.  Since then, I have frequently been asked about how my...

Read more

Tuesday, 17 October 2017 14:42

Papyrus 4 and the Mystery at Coptos

Written by
            First century Matthew!  In 1994, that was how papyrologist Carsten Peter Thiede described Papyrus 64, three fragments written on papyrus, containing Greek text from Matthew 26 (to be precise, Matthew 26:7-8, 10, 14-15, 22-23, and 31-33).  The...

Read more

Monday, 16 October 2017 01:02

ARTMYN's Digital Presentation of Papyrus 66

Written by
imagePapyrus 66 (text shown:  John 1:48-2:3).This seems so old-fashioned now.

I hope to soon present a post about Papyrus 64 and Papyrus 67, but in the course of looking into those fragments, I found an outstanding resource on a much more substantial...

Read more

Tuesday, 10 October 2017 08:42

Codex Laudianus, GA 45, GA 46, GA 57, and Friends

Written by

imageThe Gatehouse at the Bodleian Library           
 
Sir Thomas Bodley (1535-1613) was the namesake of the second-largest library in Great Britain:  the Bodleian Library, on the campus of OxfordUniversity.  This is the Hotel Californiaof libraries; once a book...

Read more

Wednesday, 04 October 2017 19:07

Mark 1:2 (Part 4) - Miscellaneous Evidence

Written by
 
          Today as we conclude this exploration of the evidence about Mark 1:2, let’s consider some miscellaneous questions.
 
How diverse is the evidence for “in the prophets”?

Read more

Wednesday, 04 October 2017 02:49

Mark 1:2 (Part 3) - Irenaeus and Tatian

Written by
[Continued from the previous post]
 
            Continuing our investigation about the text of Mark 1:2, let’s turn now to Irenaeus, the earliest evidence for Mark 1:2.  Irenaeus had grown up in Asia Minor (he states in Against Heresies 3:3:4 that...

Read more

Tuesday, 03 October 2017 01:09

Mark 1:2 (Part 2) - Origen, Jerome, and Eusebius

Written by
[Continuing from the previous post.]            Once the reading “in Isaiah the prophet” was introduced in Mark 1:2, the puzzlement that it induced invited the erudition of scholars.  The first known commentator to address the problem was Origen, who...

Read more

Sunday, 01 October 2017 02:39

Mark 1:2 - In Isaiah, or In the Prophets?

Written by
[Note:  Readers are encouraged to explore the embedded links in this four-part essay, many of which lead to digital images of Mark 1:2 in manuscripts.]
Part 1:  Reviewing the Greek Manuscript Evidence
            Did Mark 1:2 originally...

Read more

Friday, 22 September 2017 05:02

More Combat: Papyrus 75 vs. Codex A

Written by
            The lopsided victory of minuscule 1324 over Codex Bezae in the previous contest has provoked some stunned members of the audience to clamor for more hand-to-hand combat – and I am pleased to say that a sensational heavyweight match awaits you today,...

Read more

Tuesday, 19 September 2017 06:56

Hand to Hand Combat: Codex D versus 1324

Written by
            It’s time once again for hand-to-hand combat!  Today’s combatants are Codex Bezae and minuscule 1324.  The arena is Luke 8:19-25.
            Codex Bezae, also known as Codex 05 and...

Read more

Thursday, 14 September 2017 02:07

Fact-checking Wallace: GA 2346, 2812, and 137

Written by
            In two earlier posts, we saw that minuscules 138, 264, 1221 do not contain an asterisk at Mark 16:9 to convey scribal doubt about Mark 16:9-20, contrary to a claim spread by Daniel Wallace.  Another manuscript which Wallace says has an asterisk...

Read more

Tuesday, 12 September 2017 17:14

Fact-checking Wallace: GA 264 and 1221

Written by
            In the previous post, we saw that although Daniel Wallace has claimed (in Perspectives on the Ending of Mark:  4 Views, published by Broadman & Holman) that five manuscripts – minuscules 138, 264, 1221, 2346, and 2812 – contain a simple...

Read more

Page 1 of 3