But even if you should suffer for the sake of righteousness, you are blessed. And do not fear their intimidation, and do not be troubled, but sanctify Christ as Lord in your hearts, always being ready to make a defense to everyone who asks you to give an account for the hope that is in you yet with gentleness and reverence; and keep a good conscience so that in the thing in which you are slandered, those who revile your good behavior in Christ will be put to shame.  1 Peter 3: 14-16

The Text of the Gospels - Apologetic Report
Friday, 22 September 2017 05:02

More Combat: Papyrus 75 vs. Codex A

Written by
            The lopsided victory of minuscule 1324 over Codex Bezae in the previous contest has provoked some stunned members of the audience to clamor for more hand-to-hand combat – and I am pleased to say that a sensational heavyweight match awaits you today,...

Read more

Tuesday, 19 September 2017 06:56

Hand to Hand Combat: Codex D versus 1324

Written by
            It’s time once again for hand-to-hand combat!  Today’s combatants are Codex Bezae and minuscule 1324.  The arena is Luke 8:19-25.
            Codex Bezae, also known as Codex 05 and...

Read more

Thursday, 14 September 2017 02:07

Fact-checking Wallace: GA 2346, 2812, and 137

Written by
            In two earlier posts, we saw that minuscules 138, 264, 1221 do not contain an asterisk at Mark 16:9 to convey scribal doubt about Mark 16:9-20, contrary to a claim spread by Daniel Wallace.  Another manuscript which Wallace says has an asterisk...

Read more

Tuesday, 12 September 2017 17:14

Fact-checking Wallace: GA 264 and 1221

Written by
            In the previous post, we saw that although Daniel Wallace has claimed (in Perspectives on the Ending of Mark:  4 Views, published by Broadman & Holman) that five manuscripts – minuscules 138, 264, 1221, 2346, and 2812 – contain a simple...

Read more

Monday, 11 September 2017 15:35

Fact-checking Wallace: GA 138

Written by
            “Second, the scribe might simply place an asterisk or obelisk in the margin, indicating doubt about these verses.  Such a symbol is found in at least five manuscripts.”  So goes a claim made by Daniel Wallace in his chapter of Perspecti...

Read more

Friday, 08 September 2017 17:40

Versional Manuscripts at the Library of Congress

Written by
            The website of the Library of Congress provides page-views of dozens and dozens of Greek New Testament manuscripts, to which I provided links in earlier posts.  It also contains quite an impressive assortment of versional New Testament manuscripts...

Read more

Thursday, 07 September 2017 13:16

The Photios Manuscripts and More

Written by
            Among the Greek manuscripts overseen by the Jerusalem Patriarchate, there are a few small collections which were included in the group that was photographed by Kenneth Clark’s expedition in 1949-1950, with the larger Sabaand Stavros collections. ...

Read more

Monday, 04 September 2017 09:57

The Adulteress in the Church of the Holy Sepulchre

Written by

imageThe Church of the Holy Sepulchre

The Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalemhas a long and distinguished history.  A church building on its site was built in the days of Constantine, and was destroyed by Persians in 614.  It was soon rebuilt, but it was...

Read more

Saturday, 02 September 2017 01:52

The Stavros Collection - More MSS at Jerusalem

Written by
            Among the manuscripts kept by the Jerusalem Patriarchate is the Hagios Stavros collection, which formerly (as far as I can tell) was housed on Cyprus.  Images of those manuscripts, except for some relatively young copies, have been released by the Libra...

Read more

Thursday, 31 August 2017 14:48

Seventy-seven Manuscripts from Jerusalem

Written by
imageThe Mar Saba Monastery
 
In the year 483, a monk named Sabbas founded a monastery about eight miles east of Bethlehemin the rugged KidronValley.  This monastery – the Holy Lavra of Saint Sabbas the Sanctified – gradually grew into a highly...

Read more

Thursday, 24 August 2017 17:37

Fortunatianus Speaks!

Written by
image            Fortunatianus’ Latin commentary on the Gospels, written c. 350 – about the same time as the production of Codex Sinaiticus, “The world’s oldest Bible” – has been found, edited, and translated!  The announcement of...

Read more

Wednesday, 16 August 2017 07:33

Codex Macedonianus

Written by
 
In 1901, twenty years had passed since the publication of Westcott and Hort’s groundbreaking compilation of the Greek New Testament.  The Textus Receptus and its primarily Byzantine readings had, for the most...

Read more

Sunday, 13 August 2017 18:22

eZooMS: Making Paleography Obsolete?

Written by
imageThe York Gospels, shown here (the beginning of Matthew), has been sampled via eZooMS, and so has The Hornby Bible.
 
PROBLEM:  One of the most frustrating aspects of manuscript-studies involves estimates.  Very often, unless a copyist has left a colophon that mentions the date when the...

Read more

Friday, 11 August 2017 14:40

Michael Brown and the Elephant in the Room

Written by
[Note for newcomers:  I am most definitely NOT a KJV-Onlyist.]

  

image            Recently, Dr. Michael Brown, on The Line of Fire radio show, made an episode which, at first, targeted King-James-Onlyism, but which quickly shifted so...

Read more

Wednesday, 09 August 2017 13:37

The Comma Johanneum

Written by

In First John 5:7-8, there is a textual issue.  The King James Version reads, “For there are three that bear record in heaven, the Father, the Word, and the Holy Ghost: and these three are one.  And there are three...

Read more

Tuesday, 08 August 2017 01:06

Hand-to-Hand Combat! Sinaiticus vs. Minuscule 2474

Written by
 
         It’s time for some hand-to-hand combat!  Today’s contest takes place in Matthew 24:23-30, a passage which contains some of...

Read more

Saturday, 05 August 2017 16:17

More Cracks in Nestle-Aland 28 (Acts-Revelation)

Written by
            In the previous post, I described some passages in the Gospels where the rival variants may receive different treatment in future editions of the critical text of the Greek New Testament, and/or in English translations based on it – including a...

Read more

Friday, 04 August 2017 04:50

Nestle-Aland, Edition 28: Cracks in the Text

Written by
image
          The Nestle-Aland Novum Testamentum Graece is the base-text of most major modern English versions of the New Testament.  The editors of the 28th edition ofNTG introduced 34 changes to the text, all in the General Epistles (James-Jude).  Since the...

Read more

Tuesday, 01 August 2017 16:31

Some Shortcomings of the Nestle-Aland Apparatus

Written by
image
          “It is certain that the original wording is found either in the text or in the apparatus” – the apparatus being the collection of rejected variants found at the foot of the page in the Nestle-AlandNovum Testamentum Graece. So wrote Daniel...

Read more

            The Kenneth W. Clark Collection of Greek Manuscripts, at DukeUniversity in Durham, North Carolina (USA), is among the most impressive collections of New Testament manuscripts in the United States.  It currently contains 106 Greek manuscripts –...

Read more

Friday, 14 July 2017 05:44

First-century Mark: More Information!

Written by
 image Will something like this (a model of what a first-century fragment with text from Mark 1 might be like) be published soon?
          Remember the announcement in 2012 about the existence of a first-century manuscript-fragment from the Gospel of Mark? ...

Read more

Wednesday, 12 July 2017 15:14

Eugene Peterson and The Message, Revisited

Written by
image
The Message:  Remix 2017
          Now that Eugene Peterson has advocated gay marriage – not just as a legal right, but as something that the body of Christ ought to bless – he should be regarded as one who has fallen away from the faith handed down to the...

Read more

Monday, 10 July 2017 18:54

James White and Hebrews 1 - A Response

Written by
image
The first page of Hebrewsin Papyrus 46.(Yellow circle = verse 3.)
            Recently, my post Fool and Knave! Hebrews 1 in Codex Vaticanus was the subject of part of a video broadcast by apologist James White (whom I shall call Dr. White in this post, since he...

Read more

Saturday, 08 July 2017 13:28

America's Greek New Testament: Minuscule 1780

Written by
            In the Kenneth W. Clark Collection at DukeUniversity, manuscript #1 is a volume containing the entire Greek New Testament:  minuscule 1780.  This manuscript should be of special interest to Americans, because ever since minuscule 1424 was returned...

Read more

Thursday, 06 July 2017 14:00

Museums of the Bible

Written by
image
The Museum of the Bible
            The countdown is on for the opening of the Museum of the Bible in Washington, D.C., scheduled for November 17, 2017.  Perhaps then we will finally see if there is anything to the rumors of a first-century...

Read more

Page 1 of 2