But even if you should suffer for the sake of righteousness, you are blessed. And do not fear their intimidation, and do not be troubled, but sanctify Christ as Lord in your hearts, always being ready to make a defense to everyone who asks you to give an account for the hope that is in you yet with gentleness and reverence; and keep a good conscience so that in the thing in which you are slandered, those who revile your good behavior in Christ will be put to shame.  1 Peter 3: 14-16

The Text of the Gospels - Apologetic Report
            The Kenneth W. Clark Collection of Greek Manuscripts, at DukeUniversity in Durham, North Carolina (USA), is among the most impressive collections of New Testament manuscripts in the United States.  It currently contains 106 Greek manuscripts –...

Read more

Friday, 14 July 2017 05:44

First-century Mark: More Information!

Written by
 image Will something like this (a model of what a first-century fragment with text from Mark 1 might be like) be published soon?
          Remember the announcement in 2012 about the existence of a first-century manuscript-fragment from the Gospel of Mark? ...

Read more

Wednesday, 12 July 2017 15:14

Eugene Peterson and The Message, Revisited

Written by
image
The Message:  Remix 2017
          Now that Eugene Peterson has advocated gay marriage – not just as a legal right, but as something that the body of Christ ought to bless – he should be regarded as one who has fallen away from the faith handed down to the...

Read more

Monday, 10 July 2017 18:54

James White and Hebrews 1 - A Response

Written by
image
The first page of Hebrewsin Papyrus 46.(Yellow circle = verse 3.)
            Recently, my post Fool and Knave! Hebrews 1 in Codex Vaticanus was the subject of part of a video broadcast by apologist James White (whom I shall call Dr. White in this post, since he...

Read more

Saturday, 08 July 2017 13:28

America's Greek New Testament: Minuscule 1780

Written by
            In the Kenneth W. Clark Collection at DukeUniversity, manuscript #1 is a volume containing the entire Greek New Testament:  minuscule 1780.  This manuscript should be of special interest to Americans, because ever since minuscule 1424 was returned...

Read more

Thursday, 06 July 2017 14:00

Museums of the Bible

Written by
image
The Museum of the Bible
            The countdown is on for the opening of the Museum of the Bible in Washington, D.C., scheduled for November 17, 2017.  Perhaps then we will finally see if there is anything to the rumors of a first-century...

Read more

Friday, 30 June 2017 16:49

Fool and Knave! Hebrews 1 in Codex Vaticanus

Written by
            Many textual critics consider Codex Vaticanus the centerpiece of the church’s collection of New Testament manuscripts.  Besides containing Greek text from much of the Old Testament (in a form of the Septuagint), Codex Vaticanus includes all books...

Read more

Wednesday, 21 June 2017 01:33

Dan Wallace's Credo Course: More Problems

Written by
image
Asterisks (within yellow circles)in the lectionary-apparatus of Codex M.
Today we continue to test the accuracy of some statements in Daniel Wallace’s Credo Course lecture on John 7:53-8:11. 
● About eight minutes into the lecture, Dr. Wallace brought up the subject of...

Read more

Monday, 19 June 2017 06:41

Dan Wallace's Credo Course: A Few Problems

Written by
            Credo House, a ministry based in Oklahoma, has developed a course on New Testament textual criticism taught by Dr. Dan Wallace of Dallas Theological Seminary.  When this project was funded on Kickstarter, it was described by Credo House’s...

Read more

            As I reported last month, a series of posts at the New Testament Textual Criticism discussion-group on Facebook presented a case that the Byzantine Text has a large and ancient stratum that includes distinct readings.  Moderator James Leonard...

Read more

image
Heb. 1:1-7a in Papyrus 46.
            Which contains the more accurate text of Hebrews 1:1-6:  the Byzantine Text (which some pro-Alexandrian scholars say emerged as late as the 800’s), or Papyrus 46, the earliest substantial Greek manuscript of the book of...

Read more

image
Papyrus 46 (c. 225) - Philippians 1:5b-15a(verse-numbers digitally added)
            Let’s run a little experiment to find out the answer to a simple question:  which is more accurate in Philippians 1:6-14:  the text of Papyrus 46 – the earliest...

Read more

Wednesday, 31 May 2017 02:13

James Leonard and the Byzantine Text

Written by
image
The Byzantine Textof Philippians 1.
            Recently Dr. James Leonard, an administrator of a discussion-group on Facebook that occasionally looks into questions about the text of the New Testament, asserted there that many or most readings from the Byzantine Text wh...

Read more

Thursday, 25 May 2017 03:03

Craig Evans and the Ending of Mark

Written by
image             A prominent evangelical commentator has spread misinformation about an important text-critical question.  I wrote this post as a means of doing something about it, in the hope that the commentator himself, and his publishers, will gladly do more.&...

Read more

            Occasionally the question comes up, Why is there no clear evidence for the Byzantine Text prior to the 300s?  Let’s take some time today to address that question.  
Factor #1 is climate  as in, the...

Read more

image
David Wood offers a thorough review ofThe Case for Christ.

 

A recent movie called The Case for Christ depicted the testimony of Lee Strobel, an investigative reporter who starts out the movie as an atheist but ends up convinced that Christianity is true after he conducts an investigation...

Read more

image
            The collection of page-views of manuscripts at Saint Catherine’s Monastery at Mount Sinai housed at the Library of Congressincludes not only Greek manuscripts, and Georgian manuscripts, but also Syriac manuscripts.  A series of links to the...

Read more

image
Sinai Georgian MS 16 - Image 277.from the Library of Congress Collection of Manuscripts in St. Catherine's Monastery, Mt. Sinai
            The Georgian version of the New Testament is one of the least-researched areas in New Testament textual criticism.  The...

Read more

image            The Museum of the Bible is scheduled to open in Washington, D.C. in November of 2017 – but did you know that there is already a major collection of images of 200 Bible manuscripts in that city?  Well, there is!  It’s in the archives...

Read more

image
            Those who have read Christopher de Hamel’s 2001 The Book.  A History of the Bible or his 2011 Bibles – An Illustrated History from Papyrus to Print(or any of his other books about medieval manuscripts) may have wished that they could have...

Read more

Thursday, 27 April 2017 13:54

The Tors-Costa Debate, Part 4

Written by
QUESTIONS FROM THE AUDIENCE
            After the main portion of the Tors-Costa debate was completed, audience-members asked questions, which each debater answered.  Some of the questions were relevant to the announced subject of the debate, and some were...

Read more

Tuesday, 25 April 2017 13:13

The Tors-Costa Debate, Part 2

Written by
THE DEBATERS RESPOND
            At the outset of the second part of the Tors-Costa debateabout how the original text of the New Testament should be reconstructed, technical difficulties caused Tony Costa’s voice to be briefly inaudible.  When the sound...

Read more

Monday, 24 April 2017 18:28

The Tors-Costa Debate, Part 1

Written by
image
The Tors-Costa Debatecan be viewed at YouTube.
            Last week in Toronto, John Tors, an advocate for the Majority Text, won a debate against Tony Costa, who attempted to defend the Nestle-Aland compilation.  The stated purpose of the debate was to examine...

Read more

Monday, 17 April 2017 13:46

Codex Sinopensis (O, 023)

Written by
image
Left:  fol. 31v - Matthew 21:19-22.Right:  fol. 29r - Matthew 20:32-21:2, with illustrations (David on the left; Isaiah on the right;the Healing of the Two Blind Men at Jericho in the middle).
            Justinian may have been Emperor of the Byzantine Empire...

Read more

Page 1 of 2