But even if you should suffer for the sake of righteousness, you are blessed. And do not fear their intimidation, and do not be troubled, but sanctify Christ as Lord in your hearts, always being ready to make a defense to everyone who asks you to give an account for the hope that is in you yet with gentleness and reverence; and keep a good conscience so that in the thing in which you are slandered, those who revile your good behavior in Christ will be put to shame.  1 Peter 3: 14-16

The Text of the Gospels - Apologetic Report
Thursday, 10 October 2019 04:09

Book Review: To Cast the First Stone

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image           Last year, Princeton University Press released To Cast the First Stone, a book by Tommy Wasserman and Jennifer Knust about the story of the adulteress (John 7:53-8:11). Tommy Wasserman (academic dean at Örebro Theological...

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Tuesday, 24 September 2019 15:10

Luke 11:33 - Don't Put Your Light Under a Bushel

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           When someone asks, “What’s a text-critically interesting verse in the Gospels?” the typical answer is not likely to be “Luke 11:33.” The differences between the meanings of the rival variants in...

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Friday, 20 September 2019 12:42

Five Bad Reasons to Use the Textus Receptus

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            The Nestle-Aland text of the Greek New Testament is over 95% Alexandrian at points where the Alexandrian and Byzantine manuscripts meaningfully disagree (i.e., where they disagree in both form and meaning, not in mere matters of spelling and...

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Monday, 16 September 2019 02:35

John Barton and the Text of the New Testament

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           What does John Barton say about New Testament textual criticism, and related subjects, in his new book, A History of the Bible –The Story of the World’s Most Influential Book? Those who take this volume in hand...

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Friday, 13 September 2019 10:53

Luke 9:23 - Taking Up the Cross

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            There is something in Luke 9:23 that is not found in Matthew 16:24 or Mark 8:34.  In all three of the Synoptic Gospels, Jesus delivers His saying about taking up the cross shortly after Peter made his famous confession, recognizing that Jesus is the...

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Monday, 02 September 2019 00:57

The Text Canon Institute - News and Views

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Special guests are here today:  Dr. John Meade and Dr. Peter Gurry, of Phoenix Seminary in Arizona.  They are here to share some information about the Text & Canon Institute, which was officially founded in January of 2019....

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Wednesday, 21 August 2019 03:24

Lectionary 1276

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imageA fragment of Lect 1276, with the Gospels-textartificially enhanced.
Around 5,600 Greek manuscripts of the New Testament – ranging from small fragments to full 27-book collections – are known to exist. About 2,500 of them are lectionaries.&nb...

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           Today, let’s take a close look at part of 093 – a small fragment that contains text from Acts 24:22-26, and text from First Peter 2:22-3:7. (I will focus here especially on the text from Acts. 093 is a palimps...

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Tuesday, 13 August 2019 14:49

Mary, Martha, and John 11

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           Back in 2016, an interesting text-critical thesis was proposed in Harvard Theological Review:  unusual readings in Papyrus 66, considered alongside textual variants in many other manuscripts, indicate that the character...

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Tuesday, 06 August 2019 06:58

Mark 10:24: Is It Easy to Enter the Kingdom?

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           In Mark 10:23, Jesus told His followers, “How difficult it is for those who have riches to enter the kingdom of God.” This was just after a young man with many possessions had gone away from Jesus, after Jesus had...

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Friday, 02 August 2019 07:43

News: The Durham Gospels is Online!

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Nice try, Viking marauders, but we still have most of it!
The Durham Gospels, an important Latin manuscript, has recently been digitized and made available online.  It is just one of the many manuscripts that...

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Saturday, 13 July 2019 10:11

Hort's Lecture on Origen

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imageFenton John Anthony Hort
           In 1890, Fenton John Anthony Hort (half of the Westcott-Hort duo) delivered a series of six lectures on ante-Nicene fathers.  They were published in 1895, a few years after his death.  What...

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Friday, 12 July 2019 00:58

Hort's Lecture on Tertullian and Cyprian

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imageFenton John Anthony Hort
           In 1890, Fenton John Anthony Hort (half of the Westcott-Hort duo) delivered a series of six lectures on ante-Nicene fathers.  They were published in 1895, a few years after his death.  What...

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imageFenton John Anthony Hort

            In 1890, Fenton John Anthony Hort (half of the Westcott-Hort duo) delivered a series of six lectures on ante-Nicene fathers.  They were published in 1895, a few years after his death.  What follows here, with...

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Tuesday, 09 July 2019 13:29

Hort's Lecture on Justin and Irenaeus

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 imageFenton John Anthony Hort          In 1890, Fenton John Anthony Hort (half of the Westcott-Hort duo) delivered a series of six lectures on ante-Nicene fathers.  They were published in 1895, a few years after his death.  What...

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Monday, 08 July 2019 04:58

Hort's Lecture on Ignatius and Polycarp

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     imageFenton John Anthony Hort      In 1890, Fenton John Anthony Hort (half of the Westcott-Hort duo) delivered a series of six lectures on ante-Nicene fathers.  They were published in 1895, a few years after his death.  What follows here, with...

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 imageFenton John Anthony Hort(1828-1892)          In 1890, Fenton John Anthony Hort (half of the Westcott-Hort duo) delivered a series of six lectures on ante-Nicene fathers.  They were published in 1895, a few years after his death.  What follows here, with...

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Thursday, 04 July 2019 06:00

Galatians 5:22-23: Have We Lost Some Fruit?

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            “But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, longsuffering, gentleness, goodness, faithfulness, meekness, temperance:  against such there is no law.”  So reads Galatians 5:22-23 in the King James...

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image            Today, let’s take a look at An Introduction to the Greek New Testament, by Dirk Jongkind, a researcher at Cambridge(Ph.D. 2005, Cambridge).  The Greek New Testament that is referred to the Tyndale House edition of the Greek New...

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           It is often claimed that the text in older manuscripts is more accurate than the text in younger manuscripts. At first glance, this makes sense: fewer years implies fewer opportunities for copyists to corrupt the text.&nb...

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Monday, 17 June 2019 08:03

Minuscule 1424 and the Pericope Adulterae

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  imageMS 1187's text of John 7:53-8:11is similar to the text in the margin of 1424.And they share a large annotation.         In the super-sparse apparatus of the Tyndale House edition of the Greek New Testament, a note mentions that...

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Friday, 31 May 2019 15:36

Bill Mounce versus Reality

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 imageDr. Bill Mounce          In the course of a recent review of the Tyndale House Greek New Testament, Dr. Bill Mounce stated the following:
           “The number one thing that...

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Monday, 27 May 2019 05:48

Maybe-Scripture-But-Maybe-Not???

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           “So do not throw away your confidence, which has a great reward.” – Hebrews 10:35 (EHV)
           When one version of the New Testament has a verse that is...

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Wednesday, 22 May 2019 15:09

How to Read a Greek Gospels Manuscript

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            Today, let’s look into how to read a Greek manuscript of the Gospels – an important skill that every New Testament textual critic should have.  If you do not already know some New Testament Greek, use This List of Free Resources...

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Friday, 17 May 2019 04:19

First Century Mark: Better Pictures

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           Several months have passed since the publication of the small papyrus fragment that was called “First-Century Mark” prior to its release. This small two-sided fragment, which contains text from Mark 1:7-9 and Mark...

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