But even if you should suffer for the sake of righteousness, you are blessed. And do not fear their intimidation, and do not be troubled, but sanctify Christ as Lord in your hearts, always being ready to make a defense to everyone who asks you to give an account for the hope that is in you yet with gentleness and reverence; and keep a good conscience so that in the thing in which you are slandered, those who revile your good behavior in Christ will be put to shame.  1 Peter 3: 14-16

The Text of the Gospels - Apologetic Report
Saturday, 14 April 2018 02:30

Five Palimpsests

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imageMark 16:14-20 in Codex C,with later Greek text written over it.
 
Today, let’s take a look at some palimpsests among the New Testament manuscripts. What is a palimpsest? A palimpsest – so-called because the parchment has been...

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Tuesday, 10 April 2018 16:22

Codex Sangallensis: The Amplified Vulgate

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Codex Sangallensis (Δ, 037) is best-known for its Greek text; it is one of the “consistently cited...

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Wednesday, 04 April 2018 13:41

Codex Delta: Block-Mixed?

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image   Mark 16:1b-17ain Codex Sangallensis.(verse-numbers added)
 
Codex Δ (037, Sangallensis), which we described in the previous post, is possibly the most important Greek-Latin Gospels-manuscripts produced in medieval Europe.  Bruce Metzger, in his...

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Tuesday, 03 April 2018 10:43

Meet Codex Delta (037, Sangallensis)

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imageCodex Delta - Lk. 22:24-33a(verse numbers superimposed)
Hundreds of manuscripts reside in the Abbey Library of Saint Gallen in Switzerland; over 600 of them have been digitized and can be read online. In today’s post (and...

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Saturday, 31 March 2018 16:10

News: New Translation from Crossway and Holman

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image            The NOT - deluxe leatherbound edition

As Christians around the world celebrate the resurrection of Christ this weekend, two major publishing-houses have announced the end-result of an ongoing co-operative project: the New Orthodox Translation.&nbsp...

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Thursday, 29 March 2018 19:07

Review: A Commentary on Textual Additions

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            Philip W. Comfort’s A Commentary on Textual Additions to the New Testament answers a question that many users of the Nestle-Aland Novum Testamentum Graece have asked:  where are the editors taking us?  Or to put it another way:  if...

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Saturday, 24 March 2018 13:08

The Passion Translation - Some Problems

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What’s unique about The Passion Translation – a recent translation of the New Testament, Psalms, Proverbs, and the Song of Songs by Brian Simmons? Three things, or, three kinds of things: its origins, its doctrinal bias, and its highly unusual base-text.

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Let’s take a look at one of the earliest manuscripts of Paul’s epistle to the Galatians: 0176, a small uncial fragment from the 400s (or, perhaps, the late 300s). Researcher Brice Jones described 0176 back in 2015 as the remains of a “miniature codex,” that...

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Sunday, 11 March 2018 06:48

The STEPBible - With David Instone-Brewer

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imageDr. David Instone-Brewer
 
Today, special guest Dr. David Instone-Brewerjoins us to talk about the STEPBible, a very useful – and free – digital resource for Bible-related research. The STEPBible – at www.STEPBib...

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Monday, 05 March 2018 01:50

Want to Learn New Testament Greek?

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            There are many free resources available online for people who wish to gain the ability to read the New Testament in the language in which it was written.  Here are some resources that should be considered by those who want to learn (or re-learn) how to...

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Wednesday, 28 February 2018 10:45

John 3:13: The Son of Man Who is in Heaven

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           Today we shall look into the question of whether or not the phrase “who is in heaven”was in the original text of John 3:13.
           In two recently published...

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Monday, 12 February 2018 17:07

Hand to Hand Combat: P46 versus GA 384

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Let’s have some hand-to-hand combat!  Today’s arena is the first eleven verses of chapter 15 of First Corinthians, in which Paul describes some of the historical evidence for the resurrection of Christ.  Our competitors are Papyrus 46 (the earliest substantial Greek manuscript...

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Sunday, 11 February 2018 01:02

The Date of Easter and Early Lection-Cycles

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   imageConstantine

In the year 325, Roman Emperor Constantine convened the Council of Nicea. This council, attended by 318 bishops from all over the empire, focused on the subject of the nature of Christ. (The number 318, drawn from Genesis 14:14, was...

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Wednesday, 07 February 2018 04:29

Josh Buice and the Ending of Mark

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          Lots of preachers are misinformed about Mark 16:9-20, andJosh Buice is one of them. In 2016 when he announced to the congregation of Pray’sMillBaptistChurchthat he was going to end his sermon-series on Mark at 16:8, he helpfully...

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Sunday, 04 February 2018 01:56

The Textus Receptuses

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imageErasmus of Rotterdam,a compiler of the Greek New Testament
 
The Latin term “Textus Receptus” (“the text that is received”) is often used to refer to the Greek base-text of the King James Version – the English version which, despite the best efforts of the marketers of...

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Thursday, 01 February 2018 11:21

Matthew 2:11 and the Westminster Confession of Faith

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In Matthew 2:11, in the passage where the wise men visit Jesus and present their gold, frankincense, and myrrh, there is a difference between the early English Bibles of the 1500’s and the King James Version:

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Tuesday, 23 January 2018 11:42

Norman Geisler, Bart Ehrman, and the Parrot Problem

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            Have you ever read a commentary on a passage in the New Testament that involves a textual variant, and you say, “Hmm; let’s see what this other commentator says,” and the other commentator says almost the exact same thing?  It’s...

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Tuesday, 16 January 2018 01:12

Elijah Hixson and the Purple Uncials

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 imageElijah Hixson          Today at The Text of the Gospels we welcome a special guest, Elijah Hixson.  He currently is a doctoral student at the University of Edinburgh; before that, he studied at the Southern Baptist Theological Seminary, completing a thesis on the...

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Friday, 05 January 2018 01:44

Lectionary 5 in Matthew 24:20-26

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            Today, let’s look at the text on one page of a medieval lectionary and see how well it compares to the same passage in Codex Vaticanus (the flagship manuscript of the Alexandrian text of the Gospels) and Codex Bezae (the flagship manuscript of the...

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Tuesday, 02 January 2018 06:19

The Cappadocian Text

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imageLectionary 181, written in uncial script.
 
Lectionary 181, in the British Library, catalogued as Add. MS 39602, is one of the few Greek manuscripts of the Gospels that features a colophon, or note from the copyist, mentioning when it was made:  6,488...

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Friday, 22 December 2017 07:25

The Text of Phoebadius

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            Today’s subject requires some historical background.
            Following the Council of Nicea in 325, Arius – who promoted the view that there was a time when the Word did not exist, and...

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            Dan Wallace’s research on John 7:53-8:11 is unreliable.  Let’s take a few minutes today to see where this professor at Dallas Theological Seminary has gotten things wrong about John 7:53-8:11 in his Credo Course on New Testament textual...

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Thursday, 30 November 2017 11:00

Meet Lectionary 261

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          In 1753, a French ambassador whose last name was Desalleurs – and who had been stationed at Constantinople – presented a gift to King Louis XV:  a Greek Gospels-lectionary, now known as Lectionary 261.  (At the National Library of...

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Saturday, 25 November 2017 10:26

Evidence That Demands a Rewrite

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image
            Evidence That Demands a Verdict, by Josh McDowell, has been a major handbook for Christian apologetics ever since its initial release in 1972.  It was recently updated and expanded, with new material that encourages believers to ensure that their...

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Friday, 10 November 2017 13:41

If In Doubt, Sort It Out

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 imageCurious incidentsin the Byzantine Text.          “If in doubt, don’t throw it out.”  That is the way in which Dan Wallace has asserted that Byzantine copyists handled the text of the New Testament when they had two exemplars that said two...

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