But even if you should suffer for the sake of righteousness, you are blessed. And do not fear their intimidation, and do not be troubled, but sanctify Christ as Lord in your hearts, always being ready to make a defense to everyone who asks you to give an account for the hope that is in you yet with gentleness and reverence; and keep a good conscience so that in the thing in which you are slandered, those who revile your good behavior in Christ will be put to shame.  1 Peter 3: 14-16

The Text of the Gospels - Apologetic Report
Wednesday, 24 April 2019 14:26

Conflations (Part 1)

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            What is a conflation?  A conflation is the effect of a textual collision.  Suppose a copyist sat down to make a copy of the Gospel of Luke, and checked his primary exemplar by consulting a secondary...

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Friday, 12 April 2019 16:01

Tares Among the Wheat - A Review

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           A series of movies available on Amazon Prime Video includes New Testament textual criticism among the subjects it covers – but not in a good way. Rather than introduce viewers to valid aspects of the field, Christian...

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            Having looked at 180 translation-impacting differences between the Byzantine Text and the text in Codex Sinaiticus in the Synoptic Gospels (60 in Matthew, 60 in Mark, 60 in Luke), today we complete the set, looking at 100 translation-impacting...

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            Continuing the examination of deviations between the text of Codex Sinaiticus and the Byzantine Text in the Gospels, let’s look today at some meaningful differences the two in the Gospel of Luke.  In Luke, Sinaiticus’ text differs from not...

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Sunday, 31 March 2019 15:39

News from Germany: A Sequel to CBGM

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imageDr. Nicholas Zegers
 
The city of Müenster, Germany is abuzz with news of a groundbreaking new method of textual analysis that has been developed by scholars at the Institut für Neutestamentliche Witze.  The new method, colloquially called the...

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            In a recent video, Dr. James White asked some questions about Mark 16:9-20.  Here are some answers.
(1) How do you define overwhelming evidence?           Something like this: 99.9% of...

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Monday, 25 March 2019 01:52

Sinaiticus and Byz: Same Message in Mark?

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            As a supplement to the previous post, in which I listed 60 translation-impacting differences between the text of Matthew in Sinaiticus and the text of Matthew in the Byzantine Text, here is a list of 60 translation-impacting differences between...

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“A person who reads the New Testament as found in Codex Sinaiticus and applies sound exegetical methods to its text will come to the very same conclusions as anyone reading a Byzantine manuscript written a thousand...

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Wednesday, 13 March 2019 05:17

The Myth of Tenacity

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            On page 78 of The King James Only Controversy, author James White states:   “Once a variant reading appears in a manuscript, it doesn’t simply go away.  It gets copied and ends up in other manuscripts.”  To support this...

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Saturday, 09 March 2019 12:05

EES Moves to Publish More New Testament Papyri

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            News! the Egypt Exploration Society has announced that it expects to publish 20 or so New Testament papyri in the Oxyrhynchus Papyri series within a few years.  This is the same organization that released the “First Century Mark”...

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Thursday, 07 March 2019 04:28

Non-Alexandrian Papyri and Early Versions

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image            In The King James Only Controversy, author James White made two claims on pages 195-197 that invite clarification. First, he stated on page 195, “Every papyrus manuscript we have discovered has been a representative of the Alexandrian...

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Monday, 04 March 2019 16:23

Challenging the Expansion of Piety Theory

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           Today, let’s take a look at readings in manuscripts of the Gospels which are said to be the effects of the piety of scribes. Where the original text refers to Jesus via a pronoun, scribes sometimes inserted Jesus’...

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Friday, 01 March 2019 02:48

James White and the Ending of Mark

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            In The King James Only Controversy(second edition 2006), James White discussed some external evidence about Mark 16:9-20, on pages 316-318.  He concluded that “Given the external evidence, we believe every translation should provide the...

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Wednesday, 27 February 2019 15:30

James White and Codex Sinaiticus

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            In 1995, James White wrote The King James Only Controversy, and in 2009, a second edition appeared. In both editions, White badly misrepresents the means by which Constantine von Tischendorf acquired Codex Sinaiticus at Saint...

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Monday, 25 February 2019 09:54

Bible Footnotes and the Byzantine Text

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Do the text-related footnotes in the NIV, CSB, NLT, and NKJV give an accurate picture of the differences between the Byzantine Text and the Alexandrian Text?  No, they do not.  Readers should not treat the text-related footnotes in those...

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Thursday, 21 February 2019 17:59

Short Western Readings in Mark 1-4

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“The Western text is so inclined to addition that, if it omits any reading found elsewhere, the probability is that it does so because the...

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Monday, 18 February 2019 10:33

Erasmus' Manuscript of Revelation

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           Erasmus’ first edition of the printed Greek New Testament – it was released by the printer Johann Froben in 1516 – has several famous features. One of them involves the way Erasmus treated the last six verses...

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Friday, 15 February 2019 03:19

James White and the NA/UBS Compilation

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           “So do not throw away your confidence, which has a great reward.” – Hebrews 10:35 (EHV)
           When one version of the New Testament has a verse, and...

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Thursday, 07 February 2019 16:32

Parablepsis: When Nothing Is Something

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Parablepsis is what happens when a copyist’s line of sight drifts from one word or set of letters in his master-copy to the same (or similar) word or set of letters a little further along in his master-copy, accidentally skipping the words or...

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Thursday, 31 January 2019 11:10

John 1:18 - The Only Begotten Son

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In the preceding three posts about John 1:18, we have considered (1) the case for rendering μονογενὴς as “only begotten,” (2) some patristic...

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Tuesday, 22 January 2019 12:37

John 1:18 - Sinaiticus: The Devil in the Details

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In the two previous posts, I examined (a) the meaning of the term μονογενὴς, concluding that “only begotten” is an entirely proper rendering, and (b) some...

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Monday, 21 January 2019 11:40

John 1:18 - Some Patristic Evidence

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imageJohn 1:17b-18 in Codex Alexandrinus.
John 1:18 contains one of the most significant textual variants in the New Testament:  did John write ὁ μονογενὴς υἱός –...

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Saturday, 19 January 2019 17:27

John 1:18 - What Does Μονογενὴς Mean?

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            The major English versions of the New Testament are inconsistent in their renderings of the Greek term μονογενὴς – and they are remarkably inconsistent in their rendering of the term in John 1:18b.&nb...

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Wednesday, 16 January 2019 12:57

The English Hexapla - You Should Get This!

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            Usually when the term “Hexapla” is used, it refers to a project of the third-century theologian Origen in which the text of the Old Testament books was arranged in six columns, presenting (1) the Hebrew text, (2) a Greek transliteration of...

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Thursday, 10 January 2019 12:42

The Story of the Bible - A Review

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           If you have ever wondered about the origins of the Bible, and about the history of its text, then you should read Larry Stone’s 2010 book The Story of the Bible. In nine chapters, Stone reviews the Bible’s...

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