But even if you should suffer for the sake of righteousness, you are blessed. And do not fear their intimidation, and do not be troubled, but sanctify Christ as Lord in your hearts, always being ready to make a defense to everyone who asks you to give an account for the hope that is in you yet with gentleness and reverence; and keep a good conscience so that in the thing in which you are slandered, those who revile your good behavior in Christ will be put to shame.  1 Peter 3: 14-16

Sunday, 19 January 2020 07:56

First John 5:7 and Greek Manuscripts

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           Earlier this month over at the Evangelical Textual Criticism blog, Elijah Hixson offered an informative post which included pictures of the few Greek manuscripts which have the Comma Johanneum in the text of First John 5:7.  The earliest is GA 629, a...

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Tuesday, 14 January 2020 07:24

The British Library 2020: Manuscript Index

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           The British Library houses Codex Sinaiticus (most of it, at least) and Codex Alexandrinus. As reported at the British Library’s website, 905 Greek manuscripts in the British Library’s large collection of Greek...

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            It’s time for a round of hand-to-hand combat!  Today’s arena:  Luke 15:1-10, a famous passage in which Jesus delivers the Parables of the Lost Sheep and the Lost Coin.  The combatants:  Codex Sinaiticus (from c. 350) and minus...

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Sunday, 12 January 2020 01:37

Minuscule 490: Remarkably Unremarkable!

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            One of the most ordinary Gospels-manuscripts you will ever see is minuscule 490, housed at the British Library (catalogued as B.L. Additional MS 7171 – formerly listed as minuscule 574).  It has some decoration – all in red pigment –...

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Thursday, 09 January 2020 04:16

Review - Scribal Skips

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            Readers who keep track of recently made English New Testaments may recognize the name of the author of Scribal Skips:1300 Words That Fell Out of the Bible:  Wayne A. Mitchell is already known as the main developer of the New Heart English Bible.
 &n...

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Monday, 06 January 2020 15:54

Is Penn Also Among the Prophets?

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image           Until the release of the Revised Version in 1881 and the American Standard Version in 1901, the King James Version was, with few exceptions, the default English version of the New Testament from the 1600s onward. But there...

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            In October 2014, I wrote about GA 804, a small Gospels-manuscript from the 1000s with a text that often agrees with K and Π.  This manuscript, housed in Athens at the Hellenic Parliament Library, was digitized by a research-team from the Center for...

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Saturday, 28 December 2019 04:58

Codex Batboy

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image            Remember BatBoy?  BatBoy was not an assistant at baseball games; he was an imaginary part-human, part-bat creature featured in the tabloid Weekly World News.  From time to time (and especially around Christmastime and...

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Friday, 20 December 2019 09:23

Mark Galli Is Incorrect and Wrong

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            [This post is not about the text of the Gospels.]            And now for something completely different: a response to Mark Galli’s recent editorial in Christianity Today in which he stated that loyalty to God...

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imageAbner Kneeland
           In Bruce Metzger’s book The Text of the New Testament, which serves as an introduction to the field of New Testament textual criticism, readers will find the names of several pioneering textual critics and...

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Thursday, 12 December 2019 08:14

Christmas Combat: Luke 2:1-18 in Codex Bezae

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           It’s time for another round of hand-to-hand combat! Since it’s almost Christmastime, our combatants will square off in Luke 2:1-18, a passage which contains the accounts of the birth of Christ and the angels’...

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Monday, 09 December 2019 09:03

Riplinger's New Age Bible Versions

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            Gail Riplinger’s book, New Age Bible Versions: An Exhaustive Documentation Exposing the Message, Men and Manuscripts Moving Mankind to the Antichrist’s One World Religion, covers a very wide variety of subjects which are important...

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Tuesday, 03 December 2019 09:45

Book Review: Myths and Mistakes

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           In Myths and Mistakes in New Testament Textual Criticism, edited by Elijah Hixson and Peter J. Gurry, a group of scholars presents fifteen chapters focused on some persistent misconceptions about subjected related to New Testament...

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           Yesterday I was interviewed by Joshua Gibbs at the Talking-Christianity Apologetics podcast, for a friendly discussion about New Testament textual criticism, the early history of the New Testament text, Equitable Eclecticism, the nature of the Byzantine...

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Tuesday, 12 November 2019 15:26

New Testament Manuscripts at Dumbarton Oaks

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imageThe beginning of Matthewin Dumbarton Oaks MS 5(GA 678)
           In Washington, D.C., just a 15-minute drive from the Museum of the Bible, there is a place called Dumbarton Oaks. Besides having a beautiful gardenand a very impressive...

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Sunday, 03 November 2019 13:50

A Surprise in Athens

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           In 2015-2016, a team of researchers from the Center for the Study of New Testament Manuscripts visited the National Library of Greece and brought to light 21 manuscripts in the collection there in Athens. One of them –...

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Wednesday, 30 October 2019 14:13

A Halloween Special: Textual Diversity in the 300s

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           A few days ago, a video by Jonathan A. Sheffield appeared on YouTube entitled, “A James White Halloween Special: The Textual Frankenstein of Modern Critical Text Theory.”  Since this 21-minute animated...

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Wednesday, 16 October 2019 14:49

Dirk Jongkind versus Reality: Vaticanus' Scribe

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            Dirk Jongkind, editor of the Tyndale House edition of the Greek New Testament, is featured in a series of video-lectures and discussions hosted by the Forum of Christian Leaders (FOCL), with titles such as   
         ...

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Thursday, 10 October 2019 04:09

Book Review: To Cast the First Stone

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image           Last year, Princeton University Press released To Cast the First Stone, a book by Tommy Wasserman and Jennifer Knust about the story of the adulteress (John 7:53-8:11). Tommy Wasserman (academic dean at Örebro Theological...

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Tuesday, 24 September 2019 15:10

Luke 11:33 - Don't Put Your Light Under a Bushel

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           When someone asks, “What’s a text-critically interesting verse in the Gospels?” the typical answer is not likely to be “Luke 11:33.” The differences between the meanings of the rival variants in...

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Friday, 20 September 2019 12:42

Five Bad Reasons to Use the Textus Receptus

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            The Nestle-Aland text of the Greek New Testament is over 95% Alexandrian at points where the Alexandrian and Byzantine manuscripts meaningfully disagree (i.e., where they disagree in both form and meaning, not in mere matters of spelling and...

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Monday, 16 September 2019 02:35

John Barton and the Text of the New Testament

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           What does John Barton say about New Testament textual criticism, and related subjects, in his new book, A History of the Bible –The Story of the World’s Most Influential Book? Those who take this volume in hand...

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Friday, 13 September 2019 10:53

Luke 9:23 - Taking Up the Cross

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            There is something in Luke 9:23 that is not found in Matthew 16:24 or Mark 8:34.  In all three of the Synoptic Gospels, Jesus delivers His saying about taking up the cross shortly after Peter made his famous confession, recognizing that Jesus is the...

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Monday, 02 September 2019 00:57

The Text Canon Institute - News and Views

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Special guests are here today:  Dr. John Meade and Dr. Peter Gurry, of Phoenix Seminary in Arizona.  They are here to share some information about the Text & Canon Institute, which was officially founded in January of 2019....

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Wednesday, 21 August 2019 03:24

Lectionary 1276

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imageA fragment of Lect 1276, with the Gospels-textartificially enhanced.
Around 5,600 Greek manuscripts of the New Testament – ranging from small fragments to full 27-book collections – are known to exist. About 2,500 of them are lectionaries.&nb...

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