But even if you should suffer for the sake of righteousness, you are blessed. And do not fear their intimidation, and do not be troubled, but sanctify Christ as Lord in your hearts, always being ready to make a defense to everyone who asks you to give an account for the hope that is in you yet with gentleness and reverence; and keep a good conscience so that in the thing in which you are slandered, those who revile your good behavior in Christ will be put to shame.  1 Peter 3: 14-16

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The lecture-series Introduction to New Testament Textual Criticism continues at YouTube:

Lecture 04:Early Versions of the New Testament(20 minutes) With subtitles!Direct link:https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8aNwI8DbH3U

Authors: James Snapp Jr...

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Tuesday, 19 May 2020 16:02

An Uncial of Luke 5-6 at Mount Sinai

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          At the Sinai Palimpsests Projectwebsite, part of one of the manuscripts included among the New Finds collection – Greek N.F. M 98 – has lower writing that consists of a folio from a Greek uncial, preserving text in four columns (two columns per page,...

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Monday, 11 May 2020 18:37

Video Lecture: How Manuscripts Were Made

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imageLecture 03 in the series Introduction to New Testament Textual Criticism is now online:
The Structure of New Testament Manuscripts And How They Were Made

In this brief lecture, I describe what a leaf is, what a quire is, Gregory's Rule, cancel-sheets, multi-quire codices, ruling, catchwords,...

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            What is the text on the four newly identified pages of 064 at St. Catherine’s Monastery at Mount Sinai? That’s the question that this post was written to answer! Without further introduction, here is the front-and-back transcription...

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Tuesday, 21 April 2020 17:55

Are You My Mother? Minuscules 1210 and 22

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           It is very rare to find a manuscript and the manuscript from which its text was copied. That makes minuscule 1210 (housed at St. Catherine’s monastery, where it is cataloged as Greek MS 173) special. It is one of a...

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Thursday, 16 April 2020 09:42

Updated Resources Now Online!

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imageToday, I am pleased to announce a new resource for New Testament text-critical research!  Having been blessed with some extra unexpected free time due to the coronavirus pandemic, I revised and expanded the Curtisville Christian Church’s website, including the pages on New Testament...

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            Today is the first day after Easter 2020.   Happily, most journalistic outlets seem to have decided against publishing attacks on the passages of Scripture that affirm the bodily resurrection of Christ (or on the reliability of the Bible in...

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Sunday, 05 April 2020 14:06

April Fools' Day 2020: Clues

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            As a follow-up on the April Fools’ Day story about manuscript-dating via sonic cavitation, here are the clues to the prank nature of the post:            (1)  The name “Emma Hoffmarr.” ...

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Friday, 27 March 2020 14:54

Hand to Hand Combat: D versus 505 in Mark 5

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            Today, let’s compare the accuracy of Codex Bezae (D, 05) to medieval minuscule 505 (Harley MS 5538 at the British Library, from the 1100s).  Bart Ehrman has heralded Codex Bezae as “one of our oldest manuscripts” and D. C. Parker has...

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           Clement of Alexandria is one of the best-known writers of early Christianity; although we lack details of his birth and death, an estimate of 150-215 is probably not far off. He was trained at Alexandriaby Pantaenus, and after...

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Friday, 20 March 2020 14:50

Testing the Hark Chart

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            It is not rare to find, among advocates of the Textus Receptus, the promotion of a chart titled Providential Preservation of the Text of the New Testament. The central portion of the chart depicts two transmission-lines of the text; brief...

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Wednesday, 18 March 2020 10:08

Word of the Day: Apotropaic

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image            Word of the Day:  Apotropaic (adjective):  designed to turn away evil.
           In the days of the Roman Empire, it was not unusual for pagans to create little charms, marketed with the...

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Thursday, 12 March 2020 16:38

John 6:11 - An Instructive Variant-unit

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           In John 6:11, as John presents his account of the Feeding of the Five Thousand, an instructive textual variant appears:  where the KJV and NKJV say that Jesus, after giving thanks, gave the pieces of fish to the disciples, and the...

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Friday, 06 March 2020 07:25

Some Old Online Commentaries

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           A cornucopia of free resources for the study of the New Testament awaits the visitor at BiblicalStudies.org.uk/– examples include McNeile’s 1927 Introduction to the New Testament, about 100 articles relevant to the Gospel...

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Monday, 24 February 2020 14:56

Mark 16:9-20, Irenaeus, and Ephraim the Scribe

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          Earlier this month at The Gospel Coalition’s blog, Elijah Hixson posted some thoughts about Mark 16:9-20, addressing the question of why anyone would question the authenticity of the passage – as several Bibles versions, such as the ESV, incite...

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Friday, 21 February 2020 14:10

The Adventures of the Peckover Manuscripts

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imageAlgerina Peckover (1841-1927)
In 1876, Bernard Quaritch sold two Greek New Testament manuscripts to Alexander Peckover of Wisbech, in Great Britain.  They were later entrusted to his sister, Algerina Peckover.  One of these two manuscripts is...

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            Yesterday, Joshua Gibbs of the Talking Christianity podcast hosted a round-table discussion on the subject of the role of tradition in New Testament textual criticism, with guests Jeff Riddle (representing a Confessional Bibliologist approach), Peter...

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Sunday, 19 January 2020 07:56

First John 5:7 and Greek Manuscripts

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           Earlier this month over at the Evangelical Textual Criticism blog, Elijah Hixson offered an informative post which included pictures of the few Greek manuscripts which have the Comma Johanneum in the text of First John 5:7.  The earliest is GA 629, a...

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Tuesday, 14 January 2020 07:24

The British Library 2020: Manuscript Index

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           The British Library houses Codex Sinaiticus (most of it, at least) and Codex Alexandrinus. As reported at the British Library’s website, 905 Greek manuscripts in the British Library’s large collection of Greek...

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            It’s time for a round of hand-to-hand combat!  Today’s arena:  Luke 15:1-10, a famous passage in which Jesus delivers the Parables of the Lost Sheep and the Lost Coin.  The combatants:  Codex Sinaiticus (from c. 350) and minus...

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Sunday, 12 January 2020 01:37

Minuscule 490: Remarkably Unremarkable!

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            One of the most ordinary Gospels-manuscripts you will ever see is minuscule 490, housed at the British Library (catalogued as B.L. Additional MS 7171 – formerly listed as minuscule 574).  It has some decoration – all in red pigment –...

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Thursday, 09 January 2020 04:16

Review - Scribal Skips

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            Readers who keep track of recently made English New Testaments may recognize the name of the author of Scribal Skips:1300 Words That Fell Out of the Bible:  Wayne A. Mitchell is already known as the main developer of the New Heart English Bible.
 &n...

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Monday, 06 January 2020 15:54

Is Penn Also Among the Prophets?

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image           Until the release of the Revised Version in 1881 and the American Standard Version in 1901, the King James Version was, with few exceptions, the default English version of the New Testament from the 1600s onward. But there...

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            In October 2014, I wrote about GA 804, a small Gospels-manuscript from the 1000s with a text that often agrees with K and Π.  This manuscript, housed in Athens at the Hellenic Parliament Library, was digitized by a research-team from the Center for...

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Saturday, 28 December 2019 04:58

Codex Batboy

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image            Remember BatBoy?  BatBoy was not an assistant at baseball games; he was an imaginary part-human, part-bat creature featured in the tabloid Weekly World News.  From time to time (and especially around Christmastime and...

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